Cytogenetic and DNA-fingerprint characterization of choriocarcinoma cell lines and a trophoblast/choriocarcinoma cell hybrid.

Department of Anatomy, Technical University of Aachen, Germany.
Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics (Impact Factor: 1.93). 01/2000; 116(1):16-22. DOI: 10.1016/S0165-4608(99)00107-7
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report the successful fusion of human choriocarcinoma cells with normal human trophoblast cells to a choriocarcinoma/trophoblast hybrid. The hybrid cells ACH1P were derived from fusion of primary male trophoblast cells with the HGPRT-defective choriocarcinoma cell line AC1-1. The karyotypes of the parental choriocarcinoma cell line JEG-3, its HGPRT-defective mutant clones AC1-1, AC1-5, and AC1-9, and the choriocarcinoma/trophoblast hybrid ACH1P are presented, together with a detailed characterization of the AC1-specific chromosomal marker add(X)(q26) using conventional cytogenetic banding techniques and multiplex-fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH). To our knowledge, this is the first report of a stably proliferating human cell hybrid of trophoblastic origin, providing a unique cell culture model to study trophoblast-related invasion and its underlying genetic mechanisms.