Cytogenetic and DNA-fingerprint characterization of choriocarcinoma cell lines and a trophoblast/choriocarcinoma cell hybrid.
ABSTRACT We report the successful fusion of human choriocarcinoma cells with normal human trophoblast cells to a choriocarcinoma/trophoblast hybrid. The hybrid cells ACH1P were derived from fusion of primary male trophoblast cells with the HGPRT-defective choriocarcinoma cell line AC1-1. The karyotypes of the parental choriocarcinoma cell line JEG-3, its HGPRT-defective mutant clones AC1-1, AC1-5, and AC1-9, and the choriocarcinoma/trophoblast hybrid ACH1P are presented, together with a detailed characterization of the AC1-specific chromosomal marker add(X)(q26) using conventional cytogenetic banding techniques and multiplex-fluorescence in situ hybridization (M-FISH). To our knowledge, this is the first report of a stably proliferating human cell hybrid of trophoblastic origin, providing a unique cell culture model to study trophoblast-related invasion and its underlying genetic mechanisms.
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ABSTRACT: The ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine specific casein kinase 1 (CK1) family plays important roles in the regulation of various physiological processes. Small-molecule inhibitors, such as the CK1δ/ε selectively inhibitor IC261, have been used to antagonize CK1 phosphorylation events in cells in many studies. Here we present data to show that, similarly to the microtubule destabilizing agent nocodazole, IC261 depolymerizes microtubules in interphase cells. IC261 treatment of interphase cells affects the morphology of the TGN and Golgi apparatus as well as the localization of CK1δ, which co-localizes with COPI positive membranes. IC261-induced depolymerization of microtubules is rapid, reversible and can be antagonized by pre-treatment of cells with taxol. At lower concentrations of IC261, mitotic spindle microtubule dynamics are affected; this leads to cell cycle arrest and, depending on the cellular background, to apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, FACS analysis revealed that IC261 could induce apoptosis independent of cell cycle arrest. In summary this study provides additional and valuable information about various IC261-induced effects that could be caused by microtubule depolymerization rather than by inhibition of CK1. Data from studies that have used IC261 as an inhibitor of CK1 should be interpreted in light of these observations.PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e100090. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In this study, we report on the discovery of isoxazole 1 as a potent dual inhibitor of p38alpha (IC(50) = 0.45 microM) and CK1delta (IC(50) = 0.23 microM). Because only a few effective small molecule inhibitors of CK1 have been described so far, we aimed to develop this structural class toward specific agents. Molecular modeling studies comparing p38alpha/CK1delta suggested an optimization strategy leading to design, synthesis, biological characterization, and SAR of highly potent compounds including 9 (IC(50) p38alpha = 0.006 microM; IC(50) CK1delta = 1.6 microM), 13 (IC(50) p38alpha = 2.52 microM; IC(50) CK1delta = 0.033 microM), 17 (IC(50) p38alpha = 0.019 microM; IC(50) CK1delta = 0.004 microM; IC(50) CK1epsilon = 0.073 microM), and 18 (CKP138) (IC(50) p38alpha = 0.041 microM; IC(50) CK1delta = 0.005 microM; IC(50) CK1epsilon = 0.447 microM) possessing differentiated specificity. Selected compounds were profiled over 76 kinases and evaluation of their cellular efficacy showed 18 (CKP138) to be a highly potent and dual-specific inhibitor of CK1delta and p38alpha.Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 12/2009; 52(23):7618-7630. · 5.48 Impact Factor
- Journal of The American College of Cardiology - J AMER COLL CARDIOL. 01/2011; 57(14).