Expression cloning of protein targets for 3-phosphorylated phosphoinositides.
ABSTRACT The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3'-K) family of lipid kinases play a critical role in cell proliferation, survival, vesicle trafficking, motility, cytoskeletal rearrangements, and oncogenesis. To identify downstream effectors of PI 3'-K, we developed a novel screen to isolate proteins that bind to the major products of PI 3'-K: phosphatidylinositol-3,4-bisphosphate (PtdIns-3,4-P(2)) and PtdIns-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns-3,4,5-P(3)). This screen uses synthetic biotinylated analogs of these lipids in conjunction with libraries of radiolabeled proteins that are produced by coupled in vitro transcription/translation reactions. The feasibility of the screen was initially demonstrated using avidin-coated beads prebound to biotinylated PtdIns-3,4-P(2) and PtdIns-3,4,5-P(3) to specifically isolate the pleckstrin homology domain of the serine/threonine kinase Akt. We then demonstrated the utility of this technique in isolating novel 3'-phosphorylated phosphatidylinositol (3'-PPI)-binding proteins through the preliminary screening of in vitro transcribed/translated cDNAs from a small pool expression library derived from mouse spleen. Three proteins were isolated that bound specifically to 3'PPIs. Two of these proteins have been previously characterized as PIP3BP/p42(IP4) and the PtdIns-3,4,5-P(3)-dependent serine/threonine kinase phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1. The third protein is a novel protein that contains only a Src homology 2 domain and a pleckstrin homology domain; this protein has a higher specificity for both PtdIns-3,4,5-P(3) and PtdIns-3,4-P(2) than for PtdIns-4, 5-bisphosphate. Transcripts of this novel gene are present in every tissue analyzed but are most prominently expressed in spleen. We have renamed this new protein PHISH for 3'-phosphoinositide-interacting Src homology-containing protein. This report demonstrates the utility of this technique for isolating and characterizing 3'-PPI-binding proteins and has broad applicability for the isolation of binding domains for other lipid products.
Article: DAPP1 undergoes a PI 3-kinase-dependent cycle of plasma-membrane recruitment and endocytosis upon cell stimulation.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase and its second messenger products, phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)) and phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4)P(2)), play important roles in signalling processes crucial for cell movement, differentiation and survival. Previously, we isolated a 32kDa PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3)-binding protein from porcine leukocytes. This protein contains an amino-terminal Src homology 2 (SH2) domain and a carboxy-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, and is identical to the recently described DAPP1 (also known as PHISH or Bam32) protein. Here, we characterised the subcellular distribution of DAPP1 in response to cell stimulation. When expressed transiently in porcine aortic endothelial (PAE) cells, DAPP1 translocated from the cytosol to the plasma membrane in response to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). This translocation was dependent on both PI 3-kinase activity and an intact DAPP1 PH domain. Following recruitment to the plasma membrane, DAPP1 entered the cell in vesicles. Similar responses were seen in DT40 chicken B cells following antibody treatment, and Rat-1 fibroblasts following epidermal growth factor (EGF) or PDGF treatment. Colocalisation studies in PAE cells suggested entry of DAPP1 by endocytosis in a population of early endosomes containing internalised PDGF-beta receptors. DAPP1 also underwent PI 3-kinase-dependent phosphorylation on Tyr139 in response to PDGF stimulation, and this event was involved in the vesicular response. This is the first report of plasma-membrane recruitment and endocytosis of a PI 3-kinase effector protein in response to cell stimulation. The results suggest a novel role for DAPP1 in endosomal trafficking or sorting.Current Biology 12/2000; 10(22):1403-12. · 9.65 Impact Factor
BioTechniques 07/2005; 38(6):858, 860, 862. · 2.67 Impact Factor
Article: The B lymphocyte adaptor molecule of 32 kD (Bam32) regulates B cell antigen receptor signaling and cell survival.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The B lymphocyte-associated adaptor protein 32 kD in size (Bam32) is expressed at high levels in germinal center (GC) B cells. It has an NH(2)-terminal src homology 2 (SH2) domain which binds phospholipase C (PLC)gamma 2, and a COOH-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. Thus, Bam32 may function to integrate protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathways in B cells. To further define the role Bam32 plays in B cells, we generated Bam32-deficient DT40 cells. These Bam32(-/-) cells exhibited lower levels of B cell antigen receptor (BCR)-induced calcium mobilization with modest decreases in tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase C (PLC)gamma 2. Moreover, BCR-induced activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways was impaired in Bam32(-/-) cells but not the activation of Akt-related pathways. Activation of downstream transcription factors such as nuclear factor of activated T cells (NF-AT) and nuclear factor of kappa binding (NF-kappa B) was also impaired in Bam32(-/-) cells. Furthermore, Bam32(-/-) cells were more susceptible to BCR-induced death. Taken together, these findings suggest that Bam32 functions to regulate BCR-induced signaling and cell survival most likely in germinal centers.Journal of Experimental Medicine 02/2002; 195(1):143-9. · 13.85 Impact Factor