Turner CF, Ku L, Rogers SM, Lindberg LD, Pleck JH. Adolescent sexual behavior, drug use, and violence: Increased reporting with computer survey technology

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois, United States
Science (Impact Factor: 33.61). 05/1998; 280(5365):867-73. DOI: 10.1126/science.280.5365.867
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Surveys of risk behaviors have been hobbled by their reliance on respondents to report accurately about engaging in behaviors
that are highly sensitive and may be illegal. An audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (audio-CASI) technology for measuring
those behaviors was tested with 1690 respondents in the 1995 National Survey of Adolescent Males. The respondents were randomly
assigned to answer questions using either audio-CASI or a more traditional self-administered questionnaire. Estimates of the
prevalence of male-male sex, injection drug use, and sexual contact with intravenous drug users were higher by factors of
3 or more when audio-CASI was used. Increased reporting was also found for several other risk behaviors.

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Available from: Joseph Pleck, Sep 29, 2015
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    • "It is conceivable that today's young people may be more comfortable disclosing information to a computer as a result of growing up around technology and social media (Livingstone 2008). Findings from selfreports of risky health behaviours in adolescence also support this explanation (Turner et al. 1998). The findings by Patalay et al. (2015) demonstrated the importance of establishing cross-equivalence testing for childhood self-report measures. "
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    ABSTRACT: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is one of the most widely used measures of young people’s mental health difficulties in research and clinical decision- making. Although the SDQ is available in both paper and computer survey formats, cross-format equivalences have yet to be established. The current study aimed to assess the measure’s equivalence across paper- and computer-based survey formats in a community-based school setting. The study examined self-reported measures completed by a matched sample of 11–14 year olds in secondary schools in England (589 completed paper version; 589 online version). Analyses demonstrate that the factor structure, although did not vary by survey format, resulted in poorly fitting models limiting the use of model based invariance testing. Results indicate that the measure does not operate similarly across different formats, with scale-level mean differences observed for the hyperactivity scale, which also affects the total difficulties score, with higher scores seen in the paper version. Responses to the impact supplement were also influenced by survey format, with higher impact in specific domains disclosed on the computer-based measure. Item-level differential item functioning was observed for four items in the measure; two from the prosocial scale where the DIF is large enough to affect the scale (DTF, í2 = 0.14). The inconsistency across survey formats highlights the need for more assessment of influences of different survey formats on young people, their perceived privacy and their mental health disclosures via different media. The findings also highlight the potential confounding effect of format when different methods of data collection are used, with a potentially substantive impact on cross-sample comparisons and within child clinical review.
    Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 08/2015; DOI:10.1007/s10862-015-9507-9 · 1.55 Impact Factor
    • " have dramatic consequences in terms of recorded drug use prevalence . For example , in a comparative analysis of data from CAPI and CASI , Dutch authorities found that last - month prevalence of cannabis use was regis - tered at 6 . 5 percent for the former and 12 percent for the latter ( van Laar et al . 2012 ) . Table 3 , reporting US data from Turner et al . ( 1998 ) , shows that the differences in revealed drug consumption prevalence can be even bigger whether measured with a self - administered paper and pencil ( SA - P and P ) questionnaire or with ACASI . 21 Similarly , remarkable dif - ferences are shown for telephone interviews when the questionnaire is applied by a human interviewer rather "
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    • "Respondents' demographics were assessed by computer-assisted personal interviews. Other survey questions were assessed using an audio computer-assisted self-interviewing method to increase respondents' reports of substance use and sensitive behaviors (Turner et al., 1998). The latter was designed to increase honest reports of substance use by allowing respondents to either read the "
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    ABSTRACT: Due to changes in cannabis policies, concerns about cannabis use (CU) in adolescents have increased. The population of nonwhite groups is growing quickly in the United States. We examined perceived CU norms and their association with CU and CU disorder (CUD) for White, Black, Hispanic, Native-American, Asian-American, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (NH/PI), and mixed-race adolescents. Data were from adolescents (12-17 years) in the 2004-2012 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (N = 163,837). Substance use and CUD were assessed by computer-assisted, self-interviewing methods. Blacks, Hispanics, Native-Americans, and mixed-race adolescents had greater odds of past-year CU and CUD than Whites. Among past-year cannabis users (CUs), Hispanics and Native-Americans had greater odds of having a CUD than Whites. Asian-Americans had the highest prevalence of perceived parental or close friends' CU disapproval. Native-Americans and mixed-race adolescents had lower odds than Whites of perceiving CU disapproval from parents or close friends. In adjusted analyses, adolescent's disapproval of CU, as well as perceived disapproval by parents or close friends, were associated with a decreased odds of CU in each racial/ethnic group, except for NHs/PIs. Adolescent's disapproval of CU was associated with a decreased odds of CUD among CUs for Whites (personal, parental, and close friends' disapproval), Hispanics (personal, parental, and close friends' disapproval), and mixed-race adolescents (personal, close friends' disapproval). Racial/ethnic differences in adolescent CU prevalence were somewhat consistent with adolescents' reports of CU norm patterns. Longitudinal research on CU health effects should oversample nonwhite adolescents to assure an adequate sample for analysis and reporting. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
    Journal of Psychiatric Research 03/2015; 50. DOI:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.02.022 · 3.96 Impact Factor
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