Arterio-venous fistulae are rare after nephrectomy. They are the cause of congestive cardiac failure. This case report has two particularities: an exceptionally long interval, 50 years after nephrectomy, and a severe hypertension due to stenosis of the contra-lateral renal artery. Surgical treatment of these fistulae is essential and gives excellent results with rapid regression of the signs of cardiac failure. Percutaneous embolization is an alternative in patients with a high surgical risk. All previously reported cases are reviewed (n = 72) with their aetiological, clinical and therapeutic features.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Percutaneous renal surgery can be utilized as treatment for a variety of urologic conditions. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy remains the treatment of choice for many large and complex renal calculi. Despite having a low overall complication rate, postoperative bleeding can occur. We report a case of significant hemorrhage from a renal pseudoaneurysm in a patient requiring anticoagulation following percutaneous nephrolithotomy. The bleeding was controlled by percutaneous coil embolization. Current management recommendations of postoperative hemorrhage following percutaneous renal surgery are reviewed.
The Canadian Journal of Urology 03/2006; 13(1):2984-7. · 0.98 Impact Factor
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