Computed tomographic study of the skeletal musculature of the lower body in 45 postpolio patients.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
Muscle & Nerve (Impact Factor: 2.31). 04/1998; 21(4):540-2. DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4598(199804)21:43.0.CO;2-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Muscle computed tomography (CT) and muscle strength assessment of the pelvic girdle and leg muscles were performed in 32 postpolio patients experiencing new muscle weakness, and in 13 postpolio patients with stable neuromuscular condition. Muscles of the postpolio patients experiencing new muscle weakness showed significantly more CT scan abnormalities as compared with the stable postpolio patients. No other features discriminative of symptomatic postpolio patients were found. In individual patients, muscle CT scan evaluation is a useful adjunct to muscle strength assessment.

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    ABSTRACT: Post-polio syndrome (PPS) refers to the clinical deterioration experienced by many polio survivors several decades after their acute illness. The symptoms are new muscle weakness, decreased muscle endurance, fatigue, muscle pain, joint pain, cold intolerance, and this typical clinical entity is reported from different parts of the world. The pathophysiology behind PPS is not fully understood, but a combination of distal degeneration of enlarged motor units caused by increased metabolic demands and the normal aging process, in addition to inflammatory mechanisms, are thought to be involved. There is no diagnostic test for PPS, and the diagnosis is based on a proper clinical workup where all other possible explanations for the new symptoms are ruled out. The basic principle of management of PPS lies in physical activity, individually tailored training programs, and lifestyle modification. Muscle weakness and muscle pain may be helped with specific training programs, in which training in warm water seems to be particularly helpful. Properly fitted orthoses can improve the biomechanical movement pattern and be energy-saving. Fatigue can be relieved with lifestyle changes, assistive devices, and training programs. Respiratory insufficiency can be controlled with noninvasive respiratory aids including biphasic positive pressure ventilators. Pharmacologic agents like prednisone, amantadine, pyridostigmine, and coenzyme Q10 are of no benefit in PPS. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been tried in three studies, all having positive results. IVIG could probably be a therapeutic alternative, but the potential benefit is modest, and some important questions are still unanswered, in particular to which patients this treatment is useful, the dose, and the therapeutic interval.
    Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management 01/2010; 6:307-13.
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    ABSTRACT: Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is characterized by new or increased muscular weakness, atrophy, muscle pain and fatigue several years after acute polio. The aim of the article is to prepare diagnostic criteria for PPS, and to evaluate the existing evidence for therapeutic interventions. The Medline, EMBASE and ISI databases were searched. Consensus in the group was reached after discussion by e-mail. We recommend Halstead's definition of PPS from 1991 as diagnostic criteria. Supervised, aerobic muscular training, both isokinetic and isometric, is a safe and effective way to prevent further decline for patients with moderate weakness (Level B). Muscular training can also improve muscular fatigue, muscle weakness and pain. Training in a warm climate and non-swimming water exercises are particularly useful (Level B). Respiratory muscle training can improve pulmonary function. Recognition of respiratory impairment and early introduction of non-invasive ventilatory aids prevent or delay further respiratory decline and the need for invasive respiratory aid (Level C). Group training, regular follow-up and patient education are useful for the patients' mental status and well-being. Weight loss, adjustment and introduction of properly fitted assistive devices should be considered (good practice points). A small number of controlled studies of potential-specific treatments for PPS have been completed, but no definitive therapeutic effect has been reported for the agents evaluated (pyridostigmine, corticosteroids, amantadine). Future randomized trials should particularly address the treatment of pain, which is commonly reported by PPS patients. There is also a need for studies evaluating the long-term effects of muscular training.
    European Journal of Neurology 09/2006; 13(8):795-801. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The practical eradication of poliomyelitis in industrialized countries marks one of the most important achievements of world health policy. Yet, disability induced by polio not only continues to exist among survivors with paralytic sequelae, but may also be further accentuated in a considerable number of affected subjects by the development of postpolio syndrome (PPS). PPS aggravates the motor sequelae already present in such subjects and reduces their functional capacity to the point where it affects their activities of daily living and worsens their quality of life. Inasmuch as development of PPS questions the concept of poliomyelitis as a static disease it poses a challenge not only to health professionals but also to policy-makers tasked with providing the necessary health-care measures and appropriate resources. This study sought to review research on this syndrome and to draw up some recommendations that might prove useful to the health authorities for decision-making purposes.
    Health Policy 02/2005; 71(1):97-106. · 1.55 Impact Factor