On self-aggrandizement and anger: a temporal analysis of narcissism and affective reactions to success and failure.
ABSTRACT Narcissists are thought to display extreme affective reactions to positive and negative information about the self. Two experiments were conducted in which high- and low-narcissistic individuals, as defined by the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI), completed a series of tasks in which they both succeeded and failed. After each task, participants made attributions for their performance and reported their moods. High-NPI participants responded with greater changes in anxiety, anger, and self-esteem. Low self-complexity was examined, but it neither mediated nor moderated affective responses. High-NPI participants tended to attribute initial success to ability, leading to more extreme anger responses and greater self-esteem reactivity to failure. A temporal sequence model linking self-attribution and emotion to narcissistic rage is discussed.
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ABSTRACT: We present results on the beneficial effects of compensatory secondary control strategies in a sample who failed the entrance exam at an university. Based on the action phase model of developmental regulation we assumed that failing the exam represents the passing of a developmental deadline. We thus hypothesized that compensatory secondary control is associated with a more positive trajectory of satisfaction with life. Multi-group structural equation models showed that (1) compensatory secondary control was associated with higher levels of and a steeper increase in satisfaction with life in the group who failed but not for the group who passed and that (2) in the group who failed the exam, the slope coefficient indicated a significantly steeper increase of satisfaction with life in those who reported higher compensatory secondary control. These results show that letting go a goal can sometimes be more adaptive than persistent goal striving.Motivation and Emotion 06/2011; 36(2). · 1.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There is an increased risk of aggression amongst a small proportion of the mentally disordered population. This is not fully explained by illness factors, and both personality and cognitive bias might contribute to aggressive thinking in this sub-population. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between the personality constructs of narcissism and self-concept clarity and aggressively biased cognitive processes and structures (hostile attributions and aggressive social scripts) in a sample of male mentally disordered offenders. Sixty-two participants completed self-report measures of Narcissism and Self-Concept Clarity. Hostile attributions were measured using a scenario paradigm (Social Information Processing-Attribution Emotion Questionnaire) and accessibility of aggressive social scripts through a computerised Stories Task. Poor self-concept clarity was found to be the strongest predictor of hostile attributions and associated with more accessible aggressive social scripts. These findings suggest that it is fragility of self-belief rather than content of those beliefs that is important in predicting aggressive cognitive bias in mentally disordered offenders.Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology - J FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY PSYCHOL. 01/2012;
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ABSTRACT: Narcissists, relative to non-narcissists, seem to regard their own narcissistic traits (e.g., rudeness and arrogance) more positively and are more motivated to cultivate such traits. That said, should we expect narcissists to regard others’ narcissistic traits more positively too? In this study, participants (N = 463) completed a survey in which they responded on a measure of trait narcissism, rated the likeability of people who possessed various narcissistic traits (e.g., arrogant, rude, self-centered), and then indicated the extent to which they possessed the same narcissistic traits. Interestingly, narcissists – who are generally disagreeable and harsh individuals – rated others who possessed narcissistic traits more positively than non-narcissists. Furthermore, a mediation analysis revealed that this effect of narcissism on ratings was mediated by narcissists’ self-reports of possessing the narcissistic traits. Thus, this study provides initial evidence that narcissists are more accepting of others’ narcissistic traits, and this study has implications for understanding the interpersonal and intrapersonal consequences of narcissism.Personality and Individual Differences 07/2014; 64:163–167. · 1.86 Impact Factor