Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases attenuates anti-Thy 1.1 Nephritis

Department of Medicine, Inselspital Bern, Switzerland.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (Impact Factor: 9.34). 03/1998; 9(3):397-407.
Source: PubMed


There is accumulating evidence that matrix metallo-proteinases (MMP) play a prominent role in glomerular inflammatory diseases. The aim of the present study was to determine the anti-inflammatory effects of the synthetic MMP inhibitor BB-1101 in acute anti-Thy1.1 nephritis. Sixty-three male Wistar rats were studied: healthy rats (n = 9), treated healthy rats (n = 9), nephritic rats (n = 18), and treated nephritic rats (n = 27). BB-1101 therapy (30 mg/kg body wt per d) of nephritic animals was initiated either 2 d before (n = 18) or 2 d after (n = 9) disease induction. Renal histology was analyzed 11 d after induction of the nephritis, at the peak of MMP-2 production and total glomerular cellularity. Pretreatment of nephritic rats by BB-1101 resulted in a significant amelioration of glomerular histology, assessed by glomerular cellularity, extracellular matrix deposition, and size of glomerular cross-sections. These beneficial effects were less pronounced, but in part still significant, in animals treated by BB-1101 after induction of anti-Thy1.1 nephritis. Proteinuria, expressed as area under the curve of the protein:creatinine ratio versus time, was clearly decreased in both groups of treated nephritic rats. Healthy control rats were not affected by MMP inhibitor treatment. In summary, the present study demonstrates for the first time in vivo that mesangial cell proliferation can be effectively suppressed by MMP inhibition. Thus, MMP inhibition by synthetic compounds may represent a new approach to the therapy of mesangial cell-mediated forms of glomerulonephritis.

6 Reads
  • Source
    • "As stated above, the relative contribution of increased synthesis and decreased degradation of collagen IV to ECM accumulation remains undetermined. Studies showing that MMP inhibition attenuates ECM accumulation in rat allograft nephropathy [62], anti-Thy 1.1 nephritis [63] and other experimental inflammatory renal diseases would suggest that matrix degradation plays at least some role in this process. As discussed below, there are also indications that the MMPs confer proliferative stimuli upon mesangial cells, providing another factor that might explain an increase in MMP activity in the face of nephritis and matrix proliferation [64]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Lupus nephritis is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus, but little is known about the pathogenic processes that underlie the progressive decay in renal function. A common finding in lupus nephritis is thickening of glomerular basement membranes associated with immune complex deposition. It has been speculated that alterations in the synthesis or degradation of membrane components might contribute to such changes, and thereby to initiation and progression of nephritis through facilitation of immune complex deposition. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes that are intimately involved in the turnover of major glomerular basement membrane constituents, including collagen IV and laminins. Alterations in the expression and activity of MMPs have been described in a number of renal diseases, suggesting their relevance to the pathogenesis of various glomerulopathies. The same is true for their natural inhibitors, the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase family. Recent data from our group have identified an increase in proteolytic activity within the glomerulus coinciding with the development of proteinuria in the mouse model of systemic lupus erythematosus. (NXB x NZW)F1 Here we review current understanding of MMP/tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase function within the kidney, and discuss their possible involvement in the development and progression of lupus nephritis.
    Arthritis research & therapy 01/2009; 10(6):229. DOI:10.1186/ar2532 · 3.75 Impact Factor
  • Source
    • "Anti-Thy 1.1 nephritis is characterized by an initial phase of complement-dependent mesangiolysis lasting for approximately 2 days, followed by a marked proliferative response of the residual mesangial cells associated with the accumulation of ECM [47]. We observed in preliminary experiments that the latter two features were reached at day 11 [48]. Therefore, this time point was chosen for nephrectomy and subsequent meprinβ immunostaining (Fig. 6). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Meprin (EC is an oligomeric metalloendopeptidase found in microvillar membranes of kidney proximal tubular epithelial cells. Here, we present the first report on the expression of meprin beta in rat glomerular epithelial cells and suggest a potential involvement in experimental glomerular disease. We detected meprin beta in glomeruli of immunostained rat kidney sections on the protein level and by quantitative RT-PCR of laser-capture microdissected glomeruli on the mRNA level. Using immuno-gold staining we identified the membrane of podocyte foot processes as the main site of meprin beta expression. The glomerular meprin beta expression pattern was altered in anti-Thy 1.1 and passive Heymann nephritis (PHN). In addition, the meprin beta staining pattern in the latter was reminiscent of immunostaining with the sheep anti-Fx1A antiserum, commonly used in PHN induction. Using Western blot and immunoprecipitation assays we demonstrated that meprin beta is recognized by Fx1A antiserum and may therefore represent an auto-antigen in PHN. In anti-Thy 1.1 glomerulonephritis we observed a striking redistribution of meprin beta in tubular epithelial cells from the apical to the basolateral side and the cytosol. This might point to an involvement of meprin beta in this form of glomerulonephritis.
    PLoS ONE 02/2008; 3(5):e2278. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0002278 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We characterized the effect of chronic ochratoxin A (OTA) on rat kidney cortex, analyzing collagen content and collagen turnover and the major markers of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), such as alpha-smooth muscle actin (alphaSMA), cadherins, and MMP-9. Because OTA nephrotoxicity is mediated by free radicals, we also investigated whether antioxidants in red wine provided protection for the kidney and attenuated OTA-induced EMT. Collagen content, determined by computerized analysis of Sirius red-stained kidney sections, increased in OTA, OTA-wine, and OTA-EtOH treated rats. In kidney cortex homogenates, COL-I and COL-III mRNA levels tended to rise in OTA treated rats, but were similar to CT after OTA-wine and OTA-EtOH administration. TIMP-1 gene expression was up-regulated in OTA, OTA-wine, and OTA-EtOH treated rats. LH2b mRNA/COL-I mRNA was significantly up-regulated in OTA-wine and OTA-EtOH treated rats, compared with CT and OTA alone. TGF-beta1 signaling tended to dominate after OTA, OTA-wine, and OTA-EtOH. MMP-1 protein levels were not affected. OTA induced proMMP-9 and alphaSMA overexpression, decreases of E-cadherin and N-cadherin, and DSC-2 up-regulation. OTA-wine caused a further, unexpected decrease of E- and N-cadherins and further up-regulation of OTA-induced DSC-2, while strongly reducing the OTA-induced increases of alphaSMA and proMMP-9. Posttranslational collagen modifications, such as decreased collagen degradation through MMP inhibition and increased collagen cross-links, seem to be key mechanisms leading to OTA-induced kidney cortex fibrosis. This mechanism was not affected by red wine in these conditions. Red wine seems to have some protective role against OTA-induced EMT, although without completely blocking the process and determining a condition in which abundant cells display an intermediate translational phenotype, but there are no alphaSMA or epithelial markers.
    Molecular Medicine 12/2005; 11(1-12):30-8. DOI:10.2119/2005-00038.Gagliano · 4.51 Impact Factor
Show more

Similar Publications


6 Reads
Available from