Molecular cloning of rat uncoupling protein 2 cDNA and its expression in genetically obese Zucker fatty (fa/fa) rats.
ABSTRACT We isolated rat UCP2 cDNA, which has been proposed to play an important role in mammalian thermogenesis and body weight regulation. The nucleotide sequence of the cDNA revealed that the rat UCP2 protein is composed of 309 amino acid residues, and is 99% and 95% identical to the mouse and human proteins, respectively. The molecular weight of rat UCP2, calculated from the predicted amino acid sequence, was 33,369, and the UCP2 protein of this size was detected when the cDNA was expressed in vitro. Northern blot analysis revealed that the corresponding mRNA is approximately 1.7 kb in size, and is expressed in a variety of rat organs, with predominant expression in the heart, lung and spleen. UCP2 mRNA levels in the heart, liver, muscle and epididymal adipose tissue of Zucker fatty (fa/fa) rats were comparable to those in the lean littermates, while ob mRNA level markedly increased in the epididymal adipose tissue of Zucker (fa/fa) rats.
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ABSTRACT: Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is upregulated in the brain after sublethal ischemia, and overexpression of UCP2 is neuroprotective in several models of neurodegenerative disease. We investigated if increased levels of UCP2 diminished neuronal damage after global brain ischemia by subjecting mice overexpressing UCP2 (UCP2/3tg) and wild-type littermates (wt) to a 12-min global ischemia. The histopathological outcome in the cortex, hippocampus, striatum, and thalamus was evaluated at 4 days of recovery, allowing maturation of the selective neuronal death. Global ischemia led to extensive cell death in the striatum, thalamus, and in the CA1 and CA2, and less-pronounced cell death in the CA3 and dentate gyrus (DG) hippocampal subfields. Histologic damage was significantly lower in the ventral posterolateral VPL and medial VPM thalamic nuclei in UCP2/3tg animals compared with wt. These thalamic regions showed a larger increase in UCP2 expression in UCP2/3tg compared with wt animals relative to the nonprotected DG. In the other regions studied, the histologic damage was lower or equal in UCP2/3tg animals compared with wt. Consequently, neuroprotection in the thalamus correlated with a high expression of UCP2, which is neuroprotective in a number of models of neurodegenerative diseases.Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism 07/2008; 28(6):1186-95. · 5.01 Impact Factor
Article: Leptin potentiates thermogenic sympathetic responses to hypothermia: a receptor-mediated effect.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Leptin contributes to the regulation of thermogenesis. In rodents, sympathetic nerve activity efferent to interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT-SNA) is involved. On the basis of the hypotheses that 1) leptin acutely potentiates hypothermia-induced increases in IBAT-SNA; 2) this action of leptin is specific to IBAT-SNA, i.e., it does not occur with renal sympathetic nerve activity (R-SNA); and 3) this effect of leptin depends on intact and functional leptin receptors, we measured IBAT-SNA and R-SNA in anesthetized lean and diet-induced obese Sprague-Dawley and in obese Zucker rats, randomly assigned to low-dose leptin or vehicle. Before the start of leptin or vehicle and 5 min, 90 min, and 180 min after, hypothermia (30 degrees C) was induced. Compared with vehicle, leptin did not significantly alter baseline R-SNA or IBAT-SNA. In lean Sprague-Dawley rats, hypothermia-induced increases in IBAT-SNA were significantly augmented by leptin but not by vehicle. In obese Sprague-Dawley rats, leptin did not potentiate hypothermia-induced increases in IBAT-SNA. In Zucker rats, IBAT-SNA did not increase with hypothermia and leptin was not able to induce sympathoactivation with cooling. Changes in R-SNA during hypothermia were not significantly modified by leptin in either group. Thus, low-dose leptin, although not altering baseline SNA, acutely enhances hypothermia-induced sympathetic outflow to IBAT in lean rats. This effect is specific for thermogenic SNA because leptin does not significantly alter the response of R-SNA to hypothermia. The effect depends on intact and functional leptin receptors because it occurs neither in rats with a leptin receptor defect nor in rats with acquired leptin resistance.Diabetes 09/2002; 51(8):2434-40. · 8.29 Impact Factor