Surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism 1962-1996: indications and outcomes.
ABSTRACT To examine changes over the past three decades in the indications for, and outcomes of, surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism.
Survey of a prospective hospital database.
Royal North Shore Hospital (a tertiary referral and university teaching hospital), Sydney, New South Wales, January 1962 to December 1996.
All 733 patients who underwent neck exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism.
The annual number of parathyroidectomies increased virtually exponentially, from a mean of two in 1962-1969 to 73 in 1996. In the 1960s and 1970s, the most common indication for surgery was the presence of renal calculi (58% and 43%, respectively), but in the 1980s there was a marked increase in presentation of asymptomatic disease after biochemical screening (19%). In the 1990s, low bone mineral density detected by osteodensitometry has become the most common indication for surgery (31%). After initial operation, 11 patients (2%) had persistent hypercalcaemia, with five of these cured by reoperation--an overall failure rate of 1%.
Surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism has become increasingly common, with low bone mineral density replacing renal calculi as the most common indication for surgery. Neck exploration in experienced hands results in an overall cure rate of 99%.
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ABSTRACT: As more patients present with the incidental diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism due to biochemical screening, treatment guidelines have been developed for the treatment of hyperparathyroidism. Management of primary hyperparathyroidism has evolved in recent years, with considerable interest in minimally invasive approaches. Successful localization of the diseased gland(s) by nuclear imaging and anatomical studies, along with rapid intraoperative parathyroid hormone assay, has allowed for focused and minimally invasive surgical approaches. Patients in whom the localization studies have identified single-gland adenoma or unilateral disease are candidates for such focused approaches instead of the traditional approach of bilateral exploration. These imaging techniques have also been critical in the successful management of patients with persistent or recurrent disease.American journal of otolaryngology 12/2011; 33(4):457-68. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Missed parathyroid adenoma (PTA) is the commonest cause of persistent hyperparathyroidism. Although many are subsequently found in well-described locations, some are found in unusual regions of the neck. This paper presents the combined experience of three large tertiary endocrine surgery centres with maldescended PTA (MD-PTA). METHODS: Patients were recruited from the endocrine surgical databases of three tertiary endocrine surgery units. Patients with PTA found >1 cm above the superior thyroid pole or other cervical locations as a result of abnormal or incomplete descent were included for analysis. RESULTS: MD-PTA was identified in 16 patients out of a total of 5241 patients who had undergone parathyroidectomies in the 7-year study period (incidence 0.3%). Seven (44%) patients had minimally invasive parathyroidectomy, while nine (56%) had bilateral neck exploration. The mean excised gland weight was 750 + 170 mg. Cure was achieved in all patients with a minimum follow-up of 6 months. The locations of MD-PTA in this study included submandibular triangle, retropharyngeal space, carotid sheath (at carotid bifurcation and intravagal), parapharyngeal space (superior to thyroid cartilage or superior thyroid pole) and cricothyroid space. CONCLUSIONS: Despite their rare occurrence, incompletely or abnormally descended PTAs can be encountered by any surgeon who performs parathyroidectomies. It is important to develop a strategy to systematically locate these glands. High cure rates can still be achieved with minimally invasive parathyroidectomy if confident preoperative localization is available. A sound knowledge of embryology and a thorough exploration also facilitate an overall high success rate with open exploration.ANZ Journal of Surgery 12/2012; · 1.50 Impact Factor
Dataset: 2001 ERC 63 HPT