Effects of dexamethasone on pancreatic tissue and on serum amylase and lipase activities in dogs.
ABSTRACT The effects of dexamethasone on the pancreas and on pancreatic amylase and lipase activities were determined in clinically normal dogs and in dogs with neurologic disease. Dexamethasone increased serum lipase activity without any histologic damage to the pancreas in either group of dogs. It decreased serum amylase activity in the normal dogs and had a variable effect in dogs with neurologic disease, with or without confirmed pancreatitis. It was suggested that high serum lipase activity in dexamethasone-treated dogs may not be attributable to pancreatitis and that the reasons are still unknown. It was concluded that high serum lipase activity is an unreliable basis for diagnosis of pancreatitis in dogs treated with dexamethasone. The data allowed no conclusion about an additive effect of dexamethasone and neurologic disease causing pancreatitis.
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ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of canine pancreatitis is challenging. Clinical presentation often includes nonspecific clinical signs, such as vomiting, anorexia, and abdominal discomfort. Increased serum lipase activity can be indicative of pancreatitis; however, it can also be increased with other conditions. An immunoassay for measurement of canine pancreas-specific lipase in canine serum that would be suitable for commercial application and provide rapid results would be beneficial. The goal of this study was to validate the Spec cPL assay, a commercially available ELISA for the quantitative measurement of canine pancreas-specific lipase. Dynamic range, dilutional linearity, precision, interfering substances, assay stability, and reproducibility were investigated for analytical validation. The method was compared with the reference assay, canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (cPLI), and included evaluation of a sample population of dogs and bias. Analytical validation showed a dynamic range of 36-954 μg/L; good precision (intra- and interassay coefficient of variation <12%); absence of interference from lipid, hemoglobin, or bilirubin; 12-month kit stability; and good reproducibility. Method comparison showed a positive bias relative to the cPLI reference method; however, the bias can be accommodated by adjustment of decision limits. The upper limit of the reference interval for Spec cPL was determined to be 216 μg/L based on the upper 97.5th percentile of results from 93 clinically healthy, kennel-housed dogs. Validation data demonstrated that the Spec cPL assay provides reproducible results for canine pancreas-specific lipase. A readily available assay for measurement of this enzyme allows broader clinical utilization of this analytical tool, generating timely results to aid in the diagnosis of canine pancreatitis.Veterinary Clinical Pathology 09/2010; 39(3):346-53. · 1.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Acute pancreatitis in dogs is a potentially reversible condition, but in severe forms it can cause systemic and local complications. These complications are driven by the cytokine, complement, and kinin systems, with the roles of these systems along with other substances such as nitric oxide being increasingly studied. The intestinal tract and altered pancreatic microcirculation also contribute greatly to the perpetuation of disease. Diagnosis remains difficult, because the true diagnostic utility of the current tests available is problematic to establish. Further understanding of the pathophysiology of this disease has opened up new areas of research into optimal treatments. In particular, the role of enteral nutrition has been the focus of much attention, and current recommendations are to feed earlier in the disease than previously thought.Topics in Companion Animal Medicine 08/2012; 27(3):123-132. · 0.93 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: The Gastrointestinal Tract in Health and DiseaseNestle Purina CAN Summit 2012; 03/2012