Bronchial hyperresponsiveness in two populations of Australian schoolchildren. II. Relative importance of associated factors.
ABSTRACT In a cross-sectional study of 2363 schoolchildren living in two rural areas of New South Wales, we used a questionnaire to collect details of sex, area of residence, social class, early respiratory illness (ERI), parental history of asthma and recent upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), and we used skin-prick tests to measure atopic status. The relative importance of these factors on the likelihood of children having bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) was assessed using a linear modelling analysis. The extent to which these factors affected the severity of BHR was also examined. We found that social class or recent URTI had no association with BHR, that sex and area of residence (inland or coastal) had a small association and that a history of early respiratory illness, a history of asthma in either parent, and atopic status had an important association with BHR. Atopic status was the most important factor. The proportion of children with atopy, with ERI or with parental asthma increased as the severity of BHR increased. The odds ratio for moderate or severe BHR doubled if either ERI or parental asthma was present in addition to atopy and there was a six-fold increase if all three factors were present together. The identification of these risk factors makes it possible to predict which children in the community are most likely to have BHR, and which children are at high risk for having more severe levels of BHR.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To assess the predictive value of skin prick testing in early childhood on subsequent allergic symptoms up to adult age. A cohort of 200 unselected healthy newborns was prospectively followed from birth to 20 years of age. Of them, 163 (82%) were reassessed at age 5 years, 150 (76%) at age 11 years, and 164 (83%) at age 20 years with a skin prick test that included 11 common allergens. On the basis of clinical examination and structured interview, the occurrence of atopic dermatitis, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, recurrent wheezing, and symptoms of food hypersensitivity were recorded at each of the follow-up visits. The reproducibility of skin prick test positivity at age 5 years was 100% at ages 11 and 20 years, ie, none of the skin prick-positive subjects turned negative during the follow-up. Gaining of new sensitizations to aeroallergens was common. Skin prick test positivity at age 5 years predicted allergic symptoms at ages 11 (sensitivity 28%, specificity 94%) and 20 years (sensitivity 23%, specificity 91%) but not atopic dermatitis. Skin prick test positivity at age 5 years strongly predicts later skin prick test positivity and is associated with respiratory symptoms, ie, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and recurrent wheezing, at ages 11 and 20 years. However, skin prick test negativity at age 5 years does not exclude sensitization and allergic symptoms at a later age. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Journal of Pediatrics 11/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.10.009 · 3.74 Impact Factor
Clinical Nutrition Supplements 01/2009; 4(2):43-43. DOI:10.1016/S1744-1161(09)70094-8
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The pattern of development of allergen-specific T cell cytokine responses in early childhood and their relation to later disease is poorly understood. Here we describe longitudinal changes in allergen-stimulated T cell cytokine responses and their relation to asthma and allergic disease during the first 8 years of life.PLoS ONE 05/2014; 9(5):e97995. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0097995 · 3.53 Impact Factor