Article

Electrokinetic particle translocation through a nanopore containing a floating electrode.

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529-0247, USA.
Electrophoresis (Impact Factor: 3.26). 06/2011; 32(14):1864-74. DOI: 10.1002/elps.201100050
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Electrokinetic particle translocation through a nanopore containing a floating electrode is investigated by solving a continuum model, composed of the coupled Poisson-Nernst-Planck (PNP) equations for the ionic mass transport and the modified Stokes equations for the flow field. Two effects due to the presence of the floating electrode, the induced-charge electroosmosis (ICEO) and the particle-floating electrode electrostatic interaction, could significantly affect the electrokinetic mobility of DNA nanoparticles. When the electrical double layers (EDLs) of the DNA nanoparticle and the floating electrode are not overlapped, the particle-floating electrode electrostatic interaction becomes negligible. As a result, the DNA nanoparticle could be trapped near the floating electrode arising from the induced-charge electroosmosis when the applied electric field is relatively high. The presence of the floating electrode attracts more ions inside the nanopore resulting in an increase in the ionic current flowing through the nanopore; however, it has a limited effect on the deviation of the current from its base current when the particle is far from the pore.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
130 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Induced-charge electro-osmotic (ICEO) flow of polymer-containing electrolyte solution around a cylindrical gold-coated stainless steel rod under AC electric field is measured by micro-particle image velocimetry (micro-PIV) for the first time. The ICEO flows as functions of the amount of non-ionic PEG (polyethylene glycol), cationic PDADMA (polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride), and anionic PVSASS (polyvinylsulfonic acid sodium salt) polymers added into the salt solution, frequency, and strength of the AC electric field are measured. The ICEO flow of polymer-containing fluid around the rod is quadrupolar with four vortices and is proportional to the square of imposed electric field. The ICEO flow velocity exponentially decreases with an increased concentration of neutral PEG. Ionic polyelectrolytes significantly increase ICEO velocities due to the enriched net charge within the induced electric double layer arising from the electrostatic interaction between the polarized rod’s surface and the charged polyelectrolytes in ionic polymer solution. In addition, polymer concentration affects the dependence of the ICEO flow on the frequency of AC electric field.
    Microfluidics and Nanofluidics · 3.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A new cell electrofusion microfluidic chip with 19,000 pairs of micro-cavity structures patterned on vertical sidewalls of a serpentine-shaped microchannel has been designed and fabricated. In each micro-cavity structure, the two sidewalls perpendicular to the microchannel are made of SiO2 insulator, and that parallel to the microchannel is made of silicon as the microelectrode. One purpose of the design with micro-cavity microelectrode array is to obtain high membrane voltage occurring at the contact point of two paired cells, where cell fusion takes place. The device was tested to electrofuse NIH3T3 and myoblast cells under a relatively low voltage (~9 V). Under an AC electric field applied between the pair of microelectrodes positioned in the opposite micro-cavities, about 85–90 % micro-cavities captured cells, and about 60 % micro-cavities are effectively capable of trapping the desired two-cell pairs. DC electric pulses of low voltage (~9 V) were subsequently applied between the micro-cavity microelectrode arrays to induce electrofusion. Due to the concentration of the local electric field near the micro-cavity structure, fusion efficiency reaches about 50 % of total cells loaded into the device. Multi-cell electrofusion and membrane rupture at the end of cell chains are eliminated through the present novel design.
    Microfluidics and Nanofluidics 15(2). · 3.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The development of nanopore fabrication methods during the past decade has led to the resurgence of resistive-pulse analysis of nanoparticles. The newly developed resistive-pulse methods enable researchers to simultaneously study properties of a single nanoparticle and statistics of a large ensemble of nanoparticles. This review covers the basic theory and recent advances in applying resistive-pulse analysis and extends to more complex transport motion (e.g., stochastic thermal motion of a single nanoparticle) and unusual electrical responses (e.g., resistive-pulse response sensitive to surface charge), followed by a brief summary of numerical simulations performed in this field. We emphasize the forces within a nanopore governing translocation of low-aspect ratio, nondeformable particles but conclude by also considering soft materials such as liposomes and microgels. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry Volume 7 is June 15, 2014. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/catalog/pubdates.aspx for revised estimates.
    Annual review of analytical chemistry (Palo Alto, Calif.). 08/2013;

Full-text

Download
129 Downloads
Available from
May 29, 2014