CDP-choline treatment increases circulating endothelial progenitor cells in acute ischemic stroke.
ABSTRACT The increase in circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) is associated with a better outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke. CDP-choline (citicoline) increases brain plasticity after experimental stroke. Therefore, we study if citicoline treatment could increase the EPC concentration after ischemic stroke.
Forty-eight patients with a first-ever non-lacunar ischemic stroke were consecutively included in the study within 12 hours of symptoms onset. Patients received treatment (n = 26) or non-treatment (n = 22) with oral citicoline (2000 mg/day) from acute phase of ischemic stroke and for 6 weeks. EPC colonies were quantified as early outgrowth colony forming unit-endothelial cell (CFU-EC) at admission (before citicoline treatment) and day 7. We defined the EPC increment during the first week as the difference in the numbers of CFU-EC between day 7 and admission.
CFU-ECs were similar at baseline between patients treated and non-treated with citicoline (7.7±6.1 versus 9.1±7.3 CFU-EC, P = 0.819). However, patients treated with citicoline and recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator (rt-PA) showed a higher EPC increment compared to patients treated only with citicoline or non-treated (35.4±15.9 versus 8.4 ± 8.1 versus 0.9 ± 10.2 CFU-EC, P < 0.0001). In a logistic model, citicoline treatment [odds ratio (OR), 17.6; confidence interval (CI) 95%, 2.3-137.5, P = 0.006] and co-treatment with citicoline and rt-PA (OR, 108.5; CI 95%, 2.9-1094.2, P = 0.001) were independently associated with an EPC increment⩾4 CFU-EC.
The administration of citicoline and the co-administration of citicoline and rt-PA increase EPC concentration in acute ischemic stroke.
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ABSTRACT: Citicoline is a neuroprotectant and neurorestorative drug that is used in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke in some countries. The research with this compound continues. In this review, we focus on the latest publications or communications or both and on the major ongoing experimental and clinical projects involving citicoline in stroke recovery.Stroke 01/2011; 42(1 Suppl):S36-9. · 5.73 Impact Factor