A genome-wide association study of BMI in American Indians.

Phoenix Epidemiology and Clinical Research Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.
Obesity (Impact Factor: 4.39). 06/2011; 19(10):2102-6. DOI: 10.1038/oby.2011.178
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Numerous studies have been done to understand genetic contributors to BMI, but only a limited number of studies have been done in nonwhite groups such as American Indians. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) for BMI was therefore performed in Pima Indians. BMI measurements from a longitudinal study of 1,120 Pima Indians and 454,194 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the 1 million Affymetrix SNP panel were used (35% of SNPs were excluded due to minor allele frequency <0.05). Data included BMI measured at multiple examinations collected from 1965 to 2004, as well as the maximum BMI at one of these visits. General and within-family tests were performed using a maximum-likelihood based mixed model procedure. No SNP reached a genome-wide significance level (estimated at P < 4.94 × 10(-7)). For repeated measures analyses, the strongest associations for general and within-family tests mapped to two different regions on chromosome 6 (rs9342220 (P = 1.39 × 10(-6)) and rs7758764 (P = 2.51 × 10(-6)), respectively). For maximum BMI, the strongest association for the general tests mapped to chromosome 4 (rs17612333; P = 1.98 × 10(-6)) and to chromosome 3 (rs11127958; P = 1.53 × 10(-6)) for the within-family tests. Further analysis is important because only a few of these regions have been previously implicated in a GWAS and genetic susceptibility may differ by ethnicity.