Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide level can predict myocardial tissue perfusion in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
ABSTRACT Inadequate myocardial tissue perfusion after successful revascularization in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is associated with worse clinical outcomes. We investigated whether the plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level on admission could predict the status of myocardial tissue perfusion in patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
The study prospectively enrolled 102 patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI within 12 h of symptom onset. The grade of myocardial tissue perfusion was measured by ST-segment resolution, corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count, and myocardial blush grade after primary PCI. All-cause mortality at 1 month after PCI was assessed.
All patients were divided into two groups according to the BNP level; high-BNP group (≥80 pg/ml, n=43) and low-BNP group (<80 pg/ml, n=59). High-BNP group had significantly lower ST-segment resolution (42.69 ± 24.85 vs. 71.15 ± 19.37%, P<0.001), higher corrected thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count (53.7 ± 19.7 vs. 44.5 ± 15.5, P=0.04), lower myocardial blush grade (2.4 ± 0.9 vs. 2.9 ± 0.3, P=0.001), and higher short-term mortality (16.2 vs. 3.3%, P=0.023). In multivariate logistic regression analysis for prediction of good myocardial tissue perfusion after PCI, the odds ratio of low-BNP group was 4.12 (95% confidence interval 1.49-13.08, P<0.01).
The patients with STEMI who had higher BNP level on admission showed inadequate myocardial tissue perfusion status after primary PCI. The plasma BNP level on admission may serve as a predictor of tissue perfusion after primary PCI in patients with STEMI.
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ABSTRACT: Incompleted ST segment resolution (STR) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with worse clinical outcomes. To investigate the association between plasma N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels on admission and STR after reperfusion, in a patient with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary PCI. After exclusion, 81 consecutive patients with STEMI (mean age: 61.3 ± 13.4 years) undergoing primary PCI were prospectively enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to ST-segment resolution: ΣSTR < 50%, the no-reflow phenomenon positive (+) group (n = 20), and ΣSTR ≥ 50%, the no-reflow phenomenon negative (-) group (n = 61). Patients were followed up for six months. The no-reflow phenomenon (+) group had similar baseline cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. age, sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus) but higher mid-term mortality (25% vs. 6.5%, p = 0.02) than the no-reflow phenomenon (-) group. The frequency of anterior MI in the no-reflow phenomenon (+) group was higher (75%, p = 0.02). NT-proBNP levels on admission were higher in the no-reflow phenomenon (+) group (p = 0.001). A NT-proBNP level ≥ 563.4 pg/mL measured on admission had a 72.7% sensitivity and 72.9% specificity in predicting no-reflow phenomenon at ROC curve analysis. At multivariate analysis, anterior MI, high NT-proBNP levels, prolonged chest pain-to-reperfusion time (> 6 h) and post-TIMI-3 flow were independent predictors of no-reflow phenomenon after primary PCI. Plasma NT-proBNP level on admission is a strong and independent predictor of no-reflow phenomenon following primary PCI and mid-term cardiovascular mortality in patients with STEMI.Kardiologia polska 01/2013; 71(2):165-75. DOI:10.5603/KP.2013.0011 · 0.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: N-terminal segment of B-type natriuretic peptide prohormone (NT-proBNP) is elevated in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) thus providing both diagnostic information and prognostic information. The aim of the present study was to determine the time course of NT-proBNP release in patients undergoing transcoronary ablation of septal hypertrophy (TASH) a procedure mimicking AMI. We analyzed the release kinetics of NT-proBNP in 18 consecutive patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy undergoing TASH. Serum samples were collected prior to and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, and 105min, and 2, 4, 8, and 24h after TASH. NT-proBNP concentrations showed a continuous increase during the first 75min with a significant percent change compared to baseline value already 15min after TASH (105.6% [IQR 102.2-112.7]; P<0.001). All patients had a significant increase of NT-proBNP at 45min (range of percent increase [min-max]: 103.5-137.2%; range of absolute increase [min-max]: 23.5-304.0ng/L). NT-proBNP concentrations decreased below the baseline value until the 8th h after initiation of myocardial infarction. NT-proBNP concentration increases immediately after induction of myocardial infarction proving early evidence of myocardial injury despite the decrease of the left ventricular wall stress due to the TASH related reduction of the left ventricular outflow gradient.Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 11/2013; 429. DOI:10.1016/j.cca.2013.11.017 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We evaluated the effects of an intra-aortic balloon pump on hemodynamics, brain natriuretic peptide concentration and cardiac function of patients with acute myocardial infarction, after reperfusion therapy. Sixty-three patients with acute anterior wall ST-elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were given an intra-aortic balloon pump (32 cases) or not (control group, 31 cases). The mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure and cardiac index were measured with a Swan-Ganz catheter. The brain natriuretic peptide concentration was detected by immunochemiluminometric assay. Left ventricular end-diastolic diameter and left ventricular ejection fraction were measured by echocardiography. No difference in baseline was observed between the two groups on day 1 in the hospital. On day 5, mean pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure of patients with the intra-aortic balloon pump were significantly lower, and cardiac index of was higher than that of the controls, whereas no differences in left ventricular end-diastolic diameter or left ventricular ejection fraction were observed between the two groups. On days 5 and 90, the brain natriuretic peptide concentration of the intra-aortic balloon pump patients was lower than that of the controls. On day 90, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter was smaller in the intra-aortic balloon pump patients, but no difference in left ventricular ejection fraction was observed between the two groups. The intra-aortic balloon pump improved the hemodynamic index and cardiac function and decreased brain natriuretic peptide concentration in patients with acute anterior wall ST-elevation myocardial infarction.Genetics and molecular research: GMR 01/2014; 13(2):4280-4288. DOI:10.4238/2014.June.9.14 · 0.85 Impact Factor