Effects of a Sustained Virologic Response on Outcomes of Patients With Chronic Hepatitis C
ABSTRACT For patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection, the goal of antiviral therapy is to achieve a sustained virologic response (SVR). We review the durability of the SVR and its effects on liver-related mortality, hepatic decompensation, and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. We performed a systematic review of the effects of the SVR on liver-related hepatic outcomes and found the SVR to be durable (range, 98.4%-100%). An SVR reduced liver-related mortality among patients with chronic hepatitis C (3.3- to 25-fold), the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (1.7- to 4.2-fold), and hepatic decompensation (2.7- to 17.4-fold). An SVR can lead to regression of fibrosis and cirrhosis, and has been associated with a reduced rate of hepatic decompensation, a reduced risk for hepatocellular carcinoma, and reduced liver-related mortality.
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ABSTRACT: In 2011, the protease inhibitors boceprevir and telaprevir were approved in the United States and European Union for the treatment of hepatitis C infection. While remarkably effective, the newly approved therapies are also accompanied by additional side effects and considerable costs. Understanding the balance between costs and effectiveness is critical to making decisions about the optimal use of these new agents, especially for health care systems constrained by rising costs. Our goal for this review is to facilitate an understanding of the importance of cost-effectiveness analyses in guiding policy decisions about the use of newly approved drugs as well as future therapies for hepatitis C.Antiviral therapy 01/2012; 17(6 Pt B):1189-99. DOI:10.3851/IMP2430 · 3.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has evolved over the past three decades. At the start, treatment involved interferon monotherapy followed by combination therapy using interferon and ribavirin, and subsequently evolved to pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin. In genotype 1 infection, rates of sustained virological response (SVR) are approximately 45 % with Peg-IFN and ribavirin, whereas SVR rates in genotypes 2 and 3 infections are as high as 70 % to 80 %. Side effects and cost related to these drugs are important concerns, particularly in countries like India where patients have to bear their health expenses. In the recent past, there has been a significant change in course with the on-going search and the development of more effective drugs in the management of HCV infection. Telaprevir and Boceprevir are two new potent protease inhibitors (direct acting antiviral or DAA agents) which, when administered with Peg-IFN and ribavirin, have shown to result significantly higher SVR rates in phase 3 studies in patients with genotype 1 infection, both in treatment naïve patients (up to 75 %) and those with previously failed therapy. Several other new antiviral agents some in combination with Peg-IFN and ribavirin and some in combination without Peg-IFN (IFN-free regimens) are currently being tested in patients with genotype 1, 2 and 3 infections and are expected to dramatically change the armamentarium of HCV therapy in the coming years.Indian Journal of Gastroenterology 09/2012; 32(2). DOI:10.1007/s12664-012-0254-5
- Annals of hepatology: official journal of the Mexican Association of Hepatology 11/2012; 11(6):967-968. · 2.19 Impact Factor