Ligand- and proton-linked conformational changes of the ferrous 2/2 hemoglobin of Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125.
ABSTRACT The spectroscopic and ligand-binding properties of a 2/2 globin from the Antarctic bacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis TAC125 have been studied in the ferrous state. It displays two major conformations characterized by CO-association rates that differ by a factor of 20, with relative fractions that depend on pH. A dynamic equilibrium is found between the two conformations, as indicated by an enhanced slower phase when lower CO levels were used to allow a longer time to facilitate the transition. The deoxy form, in the absence of external ligands, is a mixture of a predominant six-coordinate low spin form and a five-coordinate high-spin state; the proportion of low spin increasing at alkaline pH. In addition, at temperatures above the physiological temperature of 1 °C, an enhanced tendency of the protein to oxidize is observed.