Knowledge, attitude and practice towards blood donation in Iranian population
ABSTRACT The increase in demand for blood products because of new surgical and medical procedures seeks more research to find new ways to recruit people to donate blood.
To determine the level of people's knowledge about donating blood considering its relation with infectious and chronic diseases, drug abuse, unsafe sexual intercourse, menstruation and anaemia. In addition, their attitude towards blood donation regarding their previous behaviour and factors such as altruism, religion, family, fears and availability of blood donation centres has been evaluated.
This study was conducted in Tehran, Iran in 2009 on 1000 respondents. Data were collected through questionnaires that comprised 37 questions considering demographic and background characteristics, level of knowledge and positive and negative attitudes towards blood donation. Finally, data were analysed using SPSS software.
Of 1000 in this study, 26% were donors, of whom 55% had donated blood more than once. The mean knowledge score of the participants was 8·6, which was associated with the subjects' gender and level of education (P = 0·031 and P < 0·001, respectively). Age, gender and level of education were significantly associated with one's attitude towards blood donation (P = 0·021, P < 0·001 and P = 0·003,respectively). Ninety-five percent of people have stated that their main motivation to donate blood was altruism.
Altruism and being encouraged by others had the leading roles in peoples' positive attitude towards blood donation; whereas hard access to blood donation centres seemed to be the main inhibitory factor.
- SourceAvailable from: Maria Saridi
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- "Ωστόσο τα μέσα μαζικής ενημέρωσης δε φαίνεται να είναι τόσο αποτελεσματικά στον Ελληνικό χώρο όσο στις παραπάνω διεθνείς μελέτες, μια και η διαφήμισηως αναφερόμενη αιτία στη μελέτης μας εμφάνισε χαμηλά ποσοστά. Σε πολλές μελέτες από το διεθνή χώρο αναφέρεται ο αλτρουισμός ως βασικό κίνητρο δωρεάς αίματος(Mousavi, 2011; Neuberger, 2011,Kasraian&Maghsudlu,2012).Σε μελέτη από τη Νορβηγία οι συμμετέχοντες πρότειναν την εφαρμογή ενός συνδυασμού κινήτρων τα οποία θα είναι νομικά θεσμοθετημένα και διαφωνούν με το γεγονός ότι πρέπει η αιμοδοσία να επαφίεται μόνο στον αλτρουισμό των ατόμων(Misjeetal, 2005). Σημαντικός παράγοντας παρακίνησης της αιμοδοτικής τακτικής σε άλλες Ελληνικές μελέτες παρουσιάζεται η ύπαρξη επείγουσας ανάγκης για κάποιο άτομο του οικογενειακού περιβάλλοντος, χαρακτηριστικό το οποίο δεν διερευνήθηκε στη μελέτη μας, σε αντίθεση με τη λήψη άδειας από την εργασία η οποία αποτελεί ισχυρό κίνητρο αιμοδοσίες τόσο στη μελέτη μας όσο και σε άλλες συναφείς από την Ελλάδα (Kalargirouetal, 2013; Marantidouetal,2007). Η παρακαταθήκη για χρήση από τον ίδιο τον αιμοδότη ή τους συγγενείς του ήταν η δεύτερη κατά συχνότητα αιτία αιμοδοσίας στο δείγμα της μελέτης μας στοιχείο που συμφωνεί με άλλες μελέτες (Fergusonetal, 2008; Τσιάτσιου, 2008) και είναι ένα θεμιτό και συχνό κίνητρο για αιμοδοσία. "
ABSTRACT: Introduction: According to the Council of Europe, blood donation is considered a volunteer act if donors offer some of their blood, plasma or cellular elements urged by their own will and do not get any kind of reward, money or anything that could be a substitute for money. National blood needs increase more rapidly than blood donations, hence there is a need to boost volunteer blood donations. Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate attitudes, perceptions and motives of volunteer blood donors in a general hospital. Materials and Methods: 214 individuals (190 males and 24 females) who visited the Blood Donation Dept. of the Ptolemaida General Hospital for three months participated in the study. An anonymous self-completion questionnaire was used for data collection. The SPSS 16 software was used for the statistical analysis. Results: Years of blood donation seem to be affected by sex, family status and age. More specifically, males (Mann-Whitney U=1279, p=0.003),married participants (Mann-Whitney U=1402, p<0.001) and older age participants (Spearman’s rho=0,671, p<0.001), used to be blood donors for more years compared to females, singles and younger participants. Regarding the cause of their current blood donation, almost half of the participants said they had given blood because of a relative or friend in need, while the rest were volunteer blood donors. Factors that seemed to have an impact on the blood donors included family influence, interaction with friends or relatives who used to be blood donors, while more than half of the participants (53.7%) described themselves as regular blood donors. Finally, the older the participant, the more likely it was for them to be regular blood donors (Point-biserial r=0.291, p<0,001). Conclusions: Some actions that could boost the number of blood donors in Greece include well-coordinated health education programs and awareness-raising campaigns, as well as state support and the implementation of a specific and motivating legislative framework. Keywords: Blood donation, volunteer blood donors, attitudes regarding blood donation, transfusion, donors’ motives
- Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia 11/2012; 34(6):401-2. DOI:10.5581/1516-8484.20120115
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ABSTRACT: A safe, consistent blood supply in Pakistan is critical in combating maternal deaths due to haemorrhage. The dominant form of blood donation in Pakistan is a directed-replacement system. Complex sociocultural values influence from whom a recipient can receive blood. This focused ethnography aimed to investigate if, in this patriarchal society, the gender of the recipient influences who will donate blood. Data were collected from the district of Rawalpindi/Islamabad, Jhelum and Layyah in 2009 and 2012. Findings revealed that gendered notions of blood and blood donation construct reproductive blood loss as less serious than other types of blood loss. Husbands almost universally removed themselves from the process of blood procurement for their wives in the midst of a maternal health emergency. This was due to a combination of gender norms and beliefs about the power of blood, akin to the power of breast milk, to connect husbands and wives in a donor–recipient relationship that would lead to the negation of the marital contract. The inherent gendered devaluation of the lives of women was evident in the manner in which blood was procured for child-birthing women. These complex beliefs indicate that the idealized Euro-American blood system could be ineffective in this context.Contemporary South Asia 07/2013; 21(3):260-274. DOI:10.1080/09584935.2013.826625