Acute study of clinical effectiveness of nesiritide in decompensated heart failure: nesiritide redux.
ABSTRACT Nesiritide, a synthetic drug form of human B-type natriuretic peptide, is approved for the early treatment of dyspnea in acute decompensated heart failure. Meta-analyses suggested a risk of worsening renal insufficiency and mortality with its use. Therefore, the Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness in Decompensated Heart Failure (ASCEND-HF) was designed as a prospective, multicenter, double-blind, randomized trial to examine the use of nesiritide in this common, morbid, and often lethal clinical condition. Two coprimary end points, dyspnea and 30-day hospital readmission or death, were chosen to examine symptomatic response and objective outcomes, respectively. Preliminary reports from ASCEND-HF investigators suggest no significant improvement in symptoms or clinical outcomes, although no adverse effect on mortality or renal function was noted. We recommend the continued use of nesiritide in acute decompensated heart failure as an individualized case-based therapy to those patients who meet criteria for treatment and are expected to receive benefit from its use.
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ABSTRACT: Intravenous infusion of nesiritide, a brain (B-type) natriuretic peptide, has beneficial hemodynamic effects in patients with decompensated congestive heart failure. We investigated the clinical use of nesiritide in such patients. Patients hospitalized because of symptomatic congestive heart failure were enrolled in either an efficacy trial or a comparative trial. In the efficacy trial, which required the placement of a Swan-Ganz catheter, 127 patients with a pulmonary-capillary wedge pressure of 18 mm Hg or higher and a cardiac index of 2.7 liters per minute per square meter of body-surface area or less were randomly assigned to double-blind treatment with placebo or nesiritide (infused at a rate of 0.015 or 0.030 microg per kilogram of body weight per minute) for six hours. In the comparative trial, which did not require hemodynamic monitoring, 305 patients were randomly assigned to open-label therapy with standard agents or nesiritide for up to seven days. In the efficacy trial, at six hours, nesiritide infusion at rates of 0.015 and 0.030 microg per kilogram per minute decreased pulmonary-capillary wedge pressure by 6.0 and 9.6 mm Hg, respectively (as compared with an increase of 2.0 mm Hg with placebo, P<0.001), resulted in improvements in global clinical status in 60 percent and 67 percent of the patients (as compared with 14 percent of those receiving placebo, P<0.001), reduced dyspnea in 57 percent and 53 percent of the patients (as compared with 12 percent of those receiving placebo, P<0.001), and reduced fatigue in 32 percent and 38 percent of the patients (as compared with 5 percent of those receiving placebo, P<0.001). In the comparative trial, the improvements in global clinical status, dyspnea, and fatigue were sustained with nesiritide therapy for up to seven days and were similar to those observed with standard intravenous therapy for heart failure. The most common side effect was dose-related hypotension, which was usually asymptomatic. In patients hospitalized with decompensated congestive heart failure, nesiritide improves hemodynamic function and clinical status. Nesiritide is useful for the treatment of decompensated congestive heart failure.New England Journal of Medicine 01/2000; 343(4):246-253. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Follow-Up Serial Infusions of Nesiritide pilot study was designed to assess the safety and tolerability of outpatient serial infusions of nesiritide in 210 patients with decompensated heart failure who were randomly assigned to usual care only or usual care plus weekly infusions of nesiritide at dosages of 0.005 or 0.01 microg/kg/min for 12 weeks. The mean age +/- SD of the entire population was 67 +/- 13 years; 70% were men, and 80% were white. Mean baseline serum creatinine levels were 1.8 +/- 0.7 mg/dl, and mean left ventricular ejection fraction was 0.28 +/- 0.15%. Diabetes mellitus was present in 106 patients (50%), and atrial arrhythmias were present in 100 patients (48%). A totalof 1,645 nesiritide infusions was administered; 11 (< 1%) were discontinued due to an adverse event. All treatment groups had a similar frequency of adverse events and experienced improvements in quality of life. Administration of nesiritide resulted in acute decreases in aldosterone and endothelin-1 concentrations. Although there were no statistically significant differences among groups by outcome, prospectively defined higher risk subgroups demonstrated significant decreases in cardiovascular events. These results demonstrate the safety and feasibility of administering nesiritide in an outpatient setting. Additional studies are needed to determine the effect of outpatient serial infusions of nesiritide on rates of morbidity and mortality in advanced heart failure.The American Journal of Cardiology 10/2004; 94(5):595-601. · 3.21 Impact Factor
- Journal of the American College of Cardiology 07/2006; 47(11):2334-5. · 14.09 Impact Factor