Article

Two evolutionary histories in the genome of rice: the roles of domestication genes.

State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol and Guangdong Key Laboratory of Plant Resources, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.
PLoS Genetics (Impact Factor: 8.52). 06/2011; 7(6):e1002100. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002100
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Genealogical patterns in different genomic regions may be different due to the joint influence of gene flow and selection. The existence of two subspecies of cultivated rice provides a unique opportunity for analyzing these effects during domestication. We chose 66 accessions from the three rice taxa (about 22 each from Oryza sativa indica, O. sativa japonica, and O. rufipogon) for whole-genome sequencing. In the search for the signature of selection, we focus on low diversity regions (LDRs) shared by both cultivars. We found that the genealogical histories of these overlapping LDRs are distinct from the genomic background. While indica and japonica genomes generally appear to be of independent origin, many overlapping LDRs may have originated only once, as a result of selection and subsequent introgression. Interestingly, many such LDRs contain only one candidate gene of rice domestication, and several known domestication genes have indeed been "rediscovered" by this approach. In summary, we identified 13 additional candidate genes of domestication.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
124 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Rice is a model system used for crop genomics studies. The completion of the rice genome draft sequences in 2002 not only accelerated functional genome studies, but also initiated a new era of resequencing rice genomes. Based on the reference genome in rice, next-generation sequencing (NGS) using the high-throughput sequencing system can efficiently accomplish whole genome resequencing of various genetic populations and diverse germplasm resources. Resequencing technology has been effectively utilized in evolutionary analysis, rice genomics and functional genomics studies. This technique is beneficial for both bridging the knowledge gap between genotype and phenotype and facilitating molecular breeding via gene design in rice. Here, we also discuss the limitation, application and future prospects of rice resequencing.
    Rice (New York, N.Y.). 01/2014; 7(1):4.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present here the first curated collection of wild and cultivated African rice species. For that, we designed specific SNPs and were able to structure these very low diverse species. Oryza glaberrima, the cultivated African rice, is endemic from Africa. This species and its direct ancestor, O. barthii, are valuable tool for improvement of Asian rice O. sativa in terms of abiotic and biotic stress resistance. However, only a few limited studies about the genetic diversity of these species were performed. In the present paper, and for the first time at such extend, we genotyped 279 O. glaberrima, selected both for their impact in current breeding and for their geographical distribution, and 101 O. barthii, chosen based on their geographic origin, using a set of 235 SNPs specifically designed for African rice diversity. Using those data, we were able to structure the individuals from our sample in three populations for O. barthii, related to geography, and two populations in O. glaberrima; these two last populations cannot be linked however to any currently phenotyped trait. Moreover, we were also able to identify misclassification in O. glaberrima as well as in O. barthii and identified new form of O. sativa from the set of African varieties.
    TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik. 08/2014;
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Viral fossils in rice genomes are a best entity to understand ancient pararetrovirus activities through host plant history because of our advanced knowledge of the genomes and evolutionary history with rice and its related species. Here, we explored organization, geographic origins and genealogy of rice pararetroviruses, which were turned into endogenous rice tungro bacilliform virus-like (eRTBVL) sequences. About 300 eRTBVL sequences from three representative rice genomes were clearly classified into six families. Most of the endogenization events of the eRTBVLs were initiated before differentiation of the rice progenitor (> 160,000 years ago). We successfully followed the genealogy of old relic viruses during rice speciation, and inferred the geographical origins for these viruses. Possible virus genomic sequences were explained mostly by recombinations between different virus families. Interestingly, we discovered that only a few recombination events among the numerous occasions had determined the virus genealogy.
    Virology. 11/2014;

Full-text (3 Sources)

Download
52 Downloads
Available from
May 21, 2014