Genotyping the hepatitis B virus with a fragment of the HBV DNA polymerase gene in Shenyang, China

Department of Neurology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110817, China.
Virology Journal (Impact Factor: 2.09). 06/2011; 8:315. DOI: 10.1186/1743-422X-8-315
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been classified into eight genotypes (A-H) based on intergenotypic divergence of at least 8% in the complete nucleotide sequence or more than 4% in the S gene. To facilitate the investigation of the relationship between the efficacy of drug treatment and the mutation with specific genotype of HBV, we have established a new genotyping strategy based on a fragment of the HBV DNA polymerase gene. Pairwise sequence and phylogenetic analyses were performed using CLUSTAL V (DNASTAR) on the eight (A-H) standard full-length nucleotide sequences of HBV DNA from GenBank (NCBI) and the corresponding semi-nested PCR products from the HBV DNA polymerase gene. The differences in the semi-nested PCR fragments of the polymerase genes among genotypes A through F were greater than 4%, which is consistent with the intergenotypic divergence of at least 4% in HBV DNA S gene sequences. Genotyping using the semi-nested PCR products of the DNA polymerase genes revealed that only genotypes B, C, and D were present in the 50 cases, from Shenyang, China, with a distribution of 11 cases (22%), 25 cases (50%), and 14 cases (28%) respectively. These results demonstrate that our new genotyping method utilizing a fragment of the HBV DNA polymerase gene is valid and can be employed as a general genotyping strategy in areas with prevalent HBV genotypes A through F. In Shenyang, China, genotypes C, B, and D were identified with this new genotyping method, and genotype C was demonstrated to be the dominant genotype.

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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B may cause a varying spectrum of diseases ranging from an asymptomatic or mild anicteric acute illness, to severe or fulminant hepatitis. Similarly, the outcome of chronic hepatitis B is variable. Viral factors associated with outcome of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection include hepatitis B e antigen status, HBV DNA, genotype, and HBV variants. HBV genotypes and subgenotypes have been associated with differences in clinical and virological characteristics, indicating that they may play a role in the virus-host relationship. A total of ten hepatitis B virus genotypes have been defined with a distinct geographical distribution. Hitherto, genotypes A, B, C and D have been studied most extensively. The HBV genotype appears to influence not only the natural history of HBV related liver disease but also the response to HBV treatment. HBV genotypes are also linked with both core promoter and BCP mutations. Progression to chronic infection appears to occur more frequently following acute infection with genotypes A and D than with the other studied genotypes. Genotypes A and B appear to have higher rates of spontaneous HBeAg seroconversion. More advanced liver disease and progression to HCC is more often seen in chronic infection with genotypes C and D in contrast to genotypes A and B. More specifically, genotypes A1, C, B2-B5 and H appear to be associated with more serious complications than genotypes A2, B1 and B6. These observations suggest important pathogenic differences between HBV genotypes. Genotypes A and B have higher response rates to interferon based therapy than genotypes C and D. Knowledge of HBV genotype enables clinicians to identify those patients at increased risk of disease progression whilst aiding the selection of appropriate antiviral therapy. Genotyping and monoclonal subtyping can provide useful information for epidemiological studies. In conclusion, genotyping of chronic HBV infections can help practicing physicians identify those at risk of disease progression and determine optimal anti-viral therapy.
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    Virology Journal 04/2012; 9(1):82. DOI:10.1186/1743-422X-9-82 · 2.09 Impact Factor

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