Modification of WO(3) thin films by MeV N(+)-ion beam irradiation.
ABSTRACT In this paper, we report on modification of the structural, optical, vibrational, and surface morphological properties of 2 MeV N(+)-ion irradiated WO(3) thin films at different fluences (up to 1 × 10(15) ions cm(-2)). Although we observe irradiation induced grain growth, no structural phase transition takes place in the WO(3) films. These are accompanied by a systematic reduction in the optical band gap of the films. These observations are corroborated by our independent micro-Raman and optical absorption spectroscopy studies. We have made an attempt to correlate these results with MeV ion-matter interaction.