Triggering of TNFRSF25 promotes CD8⁺ T-cell responses and anti-tumor immunity.
ABSTRACT TNFRSF25 is a member of the TNF receptor superfamily (TNFRSF) that binds to the TNF-like protein TL1A. Although recent studies have demonstrated a role for TNFRSF25 in regulating CD4(+) T-cell responses, it remains to be determined if TNFRSF25 functions as a costimulatory receptor for CD8(+) T cells. Here, we demonstrate that ectopic expression of TL1A on mouse plasmacytomas promotes elimination of tumor cells in a CD8(+) T-cell-dependent manner and renders mice immune to a subsequent challenge with tumor cells. To gain further insight into the role of TNFRSF25 in CD8(+) T-cell responses, we analyzed the effect of TNFRSF25 triggering on OT-I TCR transgenic T cells. We demonstrate that TNFRSF25 triggering in vivo with soluble TL1A promotes the proliferation and accumulation of antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells as well as their differentiation into CTLs. Furthermore, we show that TNFRSF25 also functions as a costimulatory receptor for memory CD8(+) T cells. Thus, TNFRSF25 triggering enhances the secondary expansion of endogenous antigen-specific memory CD8(+) T cells. Our data suggest that TNFRSF25 agonists, such as soluble TL1A, could potentially be used to enhance the immunogenicity of vaccines that aim to elicit human anti-tumor CD8(+) T cells.
Article: The death receptor 3/TL1A pathway is essential for efficient development of antiviral CD4⁺ and CD8⁺ T-cell immunity.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Death receptor 3 (DR3, TNFRSF25), the closest family relative to tumor necrosis factor receptor 1, promotes CD4(+) T-cell-driven inflammatory disease. We investigated the in vivo role of DR3 and its ligand TL1A in viral infection, by challenging DR3-deficient (DR3(KO)) mice and their DR3(WT) littermates with the β-herpesvirus murine cytomegalovirus or the poxvirus vaccinia virus. The phenotype and function of splenic T-cells were analyzed using flow cytometry and molecular biological techniques. We report surface expression of DR3 by naive CD8(+) T cells, with TCR activation increasing its levels 4-fold and altering the ratio of DR3 splice variants. T-cell responses were reduced up to 90% in DR3(KO) mice during acute infection. Adoptive transfer experiments indicated this was dependent on T-cell-restricted expression of DR3. DR3-dependent CD8(+) T-cell expansion was NK and CD4 independent and due to proliferation, not decreased cell death. Notably, impaired immunity in DR3(KO) hosts on a C57BL/6 background was associated with 4- to 7-fold increases in viral loads during the acute phase of infection, and in mice with suboptimal NK responses was essential for survival (37.5%). This is the first description of DR3 regulating virus-specific T-cell function in vivo and uncovers a critical role for DR3 in mediating antiviral immunity.The FASEB Journal 05/2012; 26(8):3575-86. · 5.71 Impact Factor