There is a paucity of chemical matter suitably poised for effective drug development. Improving the quality and efficiency of research early on in the drug discovery process has been a long standing objective for the drug industry and improvements to the accessibility and quality of compound screening decks might have a significant and positive impact. In the absence of specific molecular information that can be modeled and used predicatively we are far from identifying which small molecules are most relevant to emerging biological targets such as protein-protein interactions. Natural products have been historically successful as an entry point for drug discovery and recently screening libraries are being synthesized to emulate natural product like features.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Stem cells are offering a considerable range of prospects to the biomedical research including novel platforms for disease models and drug discovery tools to cell transplantation and regenerative therapies. However, there are several obstacles to overcome to bring these potentials into reality. First, robust methods to maintain stem cells in the pluripotent state should be established and factors that are required to direct stem cell fate into a particular lineage should be elucidated. Second, both allogeneic rejection following transplantation and limited cell availability issues must be circumvented. These challenges are being addressed, at least in part, through the identification of a group of chemicals (small molecules) that possess novel activities on stem cell biology. For example, small molecules can be used both in vitro and/or in vivo as tools to promote proliferation of stem cells (self-renewal), to direct stem cells to a lineage specific patterns (differentiation), or to reprogram somatic cells to a more undifferentiated state (de-differentiation or reprogramming). These molecules, in turn, have provided new insights into the signaling mechanisms that regulate stem cell biology, and may eventually lead to effective therapies in regenerative medicine. In this review, we will introduce recent findings with regards to small molecules and their impact on stem cell self-renewal and differentiation.
Archives of Pharmacal Research 02/2012; 35(2):281-97. DOI:10.1007/s12272-012-0208-6 · 2.05 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A method for the synthesis of bi- and tricyclic amidines has been developed through copper-catalyzed aerobic [3+2]-annulation reaction of N-alkenyl amidines. These cyclic amidines could be converted into mono-benzyl-protected vicinal diamines by the reduction with aluminum hydride.
Journal of the American Chemical Society 02/2012; 134(8):3679-82. DOI:10.1021/ja2120629 · 12.11 Impact Factor
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