Visualization of mouse pancreas architecture using MR microscopy.
ABSTRACT Pancreatic diseases, which include diabetes, pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer, are often difficult to detect and/or stage, contributing to a reduced quality of life and lifespan for patients. Thus, there is need for a technology that can visualize tissue changes in the pancreas, improve understanding of disease progression, and facilitate earlier detection in the human population. Because of low spatial resolution, current clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at low field strength has yet to fully visualize the exocrine, endocrine, vascular, and stromal components of the pancreas. We used high field strength magnetic resonance microscopy (μMRI) to image mouse pancreas ex vivo without contrast agents at high spatial resolution. We analyzed the resulting high-resolution images using volume rendering to resolve components in the pancreas, including acini, islets, blood vessels, and extracellular matrix. Locations and dimensions of pancreatic components as seen in three-dimensional μMRI were compared with histological images, and good correspondence was found. Future longitudinal studies could expand on the use of in vivo μMRI in mouse models of pancreatic diseases. Capturing three-dimensional structural changes through μMRI could help to identify early cellular and tissue changes associated with pancreatic disease, serving as a mode of improved detection in the clinic for endocrine and exocrine pathologies.
Article: Scanning electron microscopic observations of three-dimensional structure of the rat pancreatic duct.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To understand the fine, three-dimensional structure of the pancreatic duct, we made corrosion casts of rat pancreatic ducts and obtained biological specimens of rat pancreatic tissues for scanning electron microscopic observation. We observed the corrosion casts and the inner surfaces of the pancreatic duct specimens, using scanning electron microscopy. A comparative study between casts and specimens demonstrated the exactitude of our corrosion casts. These findings revealed the following facts: 1) The pancreatic ductal system had an almost tree-like shape, but parts of the intercalated ducts anastomosed with each other; 2) Intralobular ducts branched almost at a right angle from the interlobular ducts. Intercalated ducts, which branched off from the intralobular ducts, wound and forked into two branches, without any decrease in thickness. The intercellular secretory canaliculi extended from the central lumina, running straight through the center of the acini, close to the cell bases; 3) In pancreatic ducts, every lumen was covered with microvilli. The diameters of these microvilli were uniform (about 0.1 micron), but the heights were variable, even within a given pancreatic duct.Pancreas 10/1991; 6(5):542-50. · 2.39 Impact Factor
Article: Pancreatic insulo-acinar portal systems in humans, rats, and some other mammals: scanning electron microscopy of vascular casts.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Scanning electron microscopy of vascular casts showed that in the mouse, rat, and guinea pig, the pancreatic endocrine islets were frequently interlobular in position and emitted insulo-venous efferent vessels directly draining into veins. In these animals, the intralobular islets, located within the exocrine lobules, issued insulo-acinar portal vessels continuous with the lobular capillaries in addition to the insulo-venous efferent vessels. In humans, monkeys, cows, pigs, dogs, cats, and rabbits, essentially all islets in the pancreas were intralobular in location and emitted the insulo-acinar portal vessels only. In man and animals examined, especially in the murine species, many lobules lacked an islet, therefore the insular control over the exocrine pancreas seemed to be effected in more or less restricted areas of lobules.Microscopy Research and Technique 37(5-6):478-88. · 1.79 Impact Factor
Article: Histology of the exocrine pancreas.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The morphology of the exocrine secretory unit of the pancreas, i.e. the pancreatic acinus, is reviewed. The histological features of the acini and their relation with the duct system are described. The acinar three-dimensional architecture was studied by means of different ultrastructural techniques, some of which are complementary. The fine structure and morphodynamics of the acinar cells are also described. In addition, the location of the organelles in specific cytoplasmic domains and their close morphofunctional relationship with the sequential stages of secretion of the digestive enzymes are specially emphasized. Finally, morphological approaches are suggested to achieve a better comprehension of the physiological and pathological pancreatic activities whose morphodynamics need to be further elucidated or are almost totally unknown.Microscopy Research and Technique 37(5-6):384-98. · 1.79 Impact Factor