Structural and functional modulation of early healing of full-thickness superficial digital flexor tendon rupture in rabbits by repeated subcutaneous administration of exogenous human recombinant basic fibroblast growth factor.
ABSTRACT The present study was designed to investigate the effects of basic fibroblast growth factor on the healing of the acute phase of complete superficial digital flexor tendon rupture in rabbits. A total of 40 skeletally mature female white New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 2 equal groups of injured treated and injured control. After tenotomy and surgical anastomosis, using a modified Kessler and running pattern, the injured legs were placed in casts for 14 days, and basic fibroblast growth factor was injected subcutaneously over the lesion on days 3, 7, and 10 after injury. The injured control rabbits received a normal saline injection in a similar protocol. The rabbits' weight, tendon diameter, clinical signs, radiographs, and ultrasound scans were evaluated weekly. The rabbits were killed 28 days after injury, and the tendons were evaluated at the macroscopic, histopathologic, and ultrastructural levels and for biomechanical and the percentage of dry weight analysis. Treatment significantly reduced the diameter and increased the echogenicity and dry weight content and enhanced the maturation rate of the tenoblasts, fibrillogenesis, collagen fibril diameter, fibrillar density, tensile strength, and stiffness and stress of the injured tendons. Treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor was effective in restoring the morphologic and biomechanical properties of the injured superficial digital flexor tendon and could be valuable in clinical trial studies.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of rigid second phases on grain growth of a matrix phase. For this purpose, variable mixtures of norcamphor as the matrix phase, with glass beads (0.08–0.51 volume fraction) as second phase, were used to perform see-through rock-analogue experiments under static conditions at constant temperatures (50°C). Irrespective of the second-phase content, grain-size evolution of all mixtures can be subdivided into a stage of continuous grain growth, a transient stage and a stage of a finally stabilized grain size. On the grain-scale, the second phases affect the migrating grain boundaries either by pinning by single particles, by multiple particles or even by particle clusters. Summed up over the entire aggregate, these pinning regimes affect the average bulk grain size of the matrix grains, such that the changes in matrix grain size directly correlate with the amount of second phases, their dispersion and their degree of clustering. In this way, the matrix grain size decreases with increasing second-phase content, which can be expressed as a Zener relationship. Originating from the modification of an ordinary grain growth law, a new mathematical expression is defined, which allows the calculation of changes in the matrix grain size as a function of different second-phase volume fractions and particle sizes. Such models will be helpful in the future to predict microstructural changes in polymineralic rocks at depth. KeywordsStatic grain growth-Second phases-Zener pinning-Analogue experiment-Norcamphor-Growth law-Calcite-Pinning regimesContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 05/2012; 160(2):219-238. · 3.48 Impact Factor
- Economic Geology. 01/1971; 66(5):777-791.
- Nature 01/1986; 324(6097):554-557. · 38.60 Impact Factor