Comparison of 3D vs. 2D fast spin echo imaging for evaluation of articular cartilage in the knee on a 3T system scientific research.
ABSTRACT We sought to retrospectively compare the accuracy of a three-dimensional fat-suppressed, fast spin-echo sequences acquired in the sagittal plane, with multiplanar reconstructions to that of two-dimensional fat-suppressed, fast spin echo sequences acquired in three planes on a 3T MR system for the evaluation of articular cartilage in the knee.
Our study group consisted of all patients (N=34) that underwent 3T MR imaging of the knee at our institution with subsequent arthroscopy over an 18-month period. There were 21 males and 13 females with an average age of 36 years. MR images were reviewed by 3 musculoskeletal radiologists, blinded to operative results. 3D and 2D sequences were reviewed at different sittings separated by 4 weeks to prevent bias. Six cartilage surfaces were evaluated both with MR imaging and arthroscopically with a modified Noyes scoring system and arthroscopic results were used as the gold standard. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were calculated for each reader along with Fleiss Kappa assessment agreement between the readers. Accuracies for each articular surface were compared using a difference in proportions test with a 95% confidence interval and statistical significance was calculated using a Fisher's Exact Test.
Two hundred and four articular surfaces were evaluated and 49 articular cartilage lesions were present at arthroscopy. For the patellofemoral surfaces, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 76.5%, 83%, and 78.2% for the 3D sequences and were 82.3%, 76%, and 82% respectively for the 2D sequences. For the medial compartment surfaces, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 81.1%, 65.1%, and 78.5% for the 3D sequences and were 82.5%, 48%, and 76.7% respectively for the 2D sequences. For the lateral compartment surfaces, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 89.3%, 39%, and 79.5% for the 3D sequences and were 94.7%, 18.8%, and 79.5% respectively for the 2D sequences. The accuracies were not significantly different between 3D and 2D sequences. Fleiss Kappa agreement values for the assessment of inter-observer agreement ranged from substantial for the patella and medial femur to moderate for the trochlea and fair for the medial tibia and lateral compartment.
There was no significant difference in accuracy for the evaluation of articular cartilage of a single three-dimensional, fast spin echo sequence with multi-planar reformatted images vs. two-dimensional, fast spin echo sequences acquired in all three imaging planes in the knee.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic performance of 3D sampling perfection with application-optimised contrasts using variable flip-angle evolution (SPACE) turbo spin-echo (TSE) sequences compared to 2D TSE for comprehensive knee assessment at 3 T. METHODS: From January to July 2011, isotropic 3D SPACE was added to a 2D knee protocol at 3 T. Forty patients underwent subsequent arthroscopy. Three readers independently assessed MR images for meniscus, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and cartilage lesions. Readers 1 and 2 evaluated 3D and 2D data at separate sittings; reader 3 interpreted the complete exam including 3D and 2D sequences. Accuracies were calculated using arthroscopy as reference standard. McNemar's test (p < 0.05) was used to compare 3D and 2D techniques. RESULTS: The highest diagnostic yield was obtained by reader 3 (accuracies ≥88 %). For the medial meniscus, readers performed better with the 2D technique than with 3D SPACE (accuracies 85-88 % vs. 78-80 %, respectively) (p > 0.05). For the lateral meniscus and ACL, 3D and 2D techniques had similar performance (accuracies ≥93 %). For cartilage lesions, 3D SPACE had significantly lower specificity (p = 0.0156) than the 2D protocol for one reader. CONCLUSION: The conventional 2D TSE acquisition is more reliable than 3D SPACE for comprehensive assessment of the knee at 3.0 T. MAIN MESSAGES : • 3D SPACE is a valuable component of a knee MR protocol at 3 T. • 3D SPACE cannot be used as a single sequence in the MR evaluation of the knee at 3 T. • Knee MR protocols at 3 T should include both 2D and 3D TSE sequences.Insights into imaging. 10/2012;
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ABSTRACT: The presence of erosions is used for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Assessment of carpal bone erosions in children is challenging due to lack of normal references. To define normal appearances of bony depressions in the wrist on radiographs and MRI. MRI and radiography of the wrist were performed in 88 healthy children, 5-15 years of age. We assessed the number of bony depressions within the carpals/proximal metacarpals on both modalities, separately and combined. A total of 75 carpal depressions were identified on radiography compared to 715 on MRI. The number of bony depressions identified radiographically showed no statistically significant difference across age-groups. Within the metacarpals, there was no significant difference between bony depressions identified by MRI or radiography, except at the bases of the second metacarpal. Bony depressions that resemble erosions are normal findings in the wrist in children. MRI identifies more depressions than radiographs in the carpus. Some bony depressions occur at typical locations and should be accounted for when assessing the wrist in JIA to avoid overstaging.Pediatric Radiology 03/2012; 42(7):791-8. · 1.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To evaluate the growing skeleton for potential altered skeletalgenesis associated with antiangiogenesis therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Knee radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were prospectively obtained on patients enrolled on two consecutive clinical trials using vandetanib, a potent oral (VEGF receptor 2) VEGFR-2 inhibitor alone or combined with dasatinib, a multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in children with newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). RESULTS: Fifty-nine patients (32 females) underwent 119 MRIs; 51 patients underwent 89 radiographs of the knees. The median age at enrollment was 6.2 years (range, 2.4-17.6 years). The dose of vandetanib ranged from 50 to 145 mg/m(2) /day. The median treatment duration was 205 days. Only two patients have not experienced disease progression after 18 and 60 months from diagnosis. MRI identified clinically significant premature physeal fusion in both knees of one patient, focal physeal thickening in one, osteonecrosis in eight patients (present at enrollment in one), and bony spicules crossing the physis in two patients (bilateral in one). MRI follow-up period averaged 5.3 months (range, 0-25.5 months; median, 3.5 months). Radiographs delineated normally fused physes in two patients but no cases of premature physeal fusion, osteonecrosis or bony spicules. CONCLUSIONS: As MRI provided greater information than radiographs, and thus would be a more sensitive test to assess skeletalgenesis in pediatric patients. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2013;9999:XX-XX. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Pediatric Blood & Cancer 03/2013; · 2.35 Impact Factor