Circulating levels of the anti-angiogenic thrombospondin 2 are elevated in pre-eclampsia.
ABSTRACT An imbalance of maternal circulating pro- and anti-angiogenic factors may play a role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. Thrombospondin 2 (TSP-2) is a protein expressed mainly by activated endothelial cells, which acts as a potent anti-angiogenic agent. Our aim was to determine whether serum TSP-2 levels are altered in pre-eclampsia. We enrolled 35 pre-eclamptic patients and 35 healthy pregnant women in the study. Thrombospondin 2 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, while soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) concentrations were determined by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. In patients with PE, we demonstrated 1.7-fold higher TSP-2 [13.2 (9.4-18.1) vs. 7.9 (7.2-11.2) ng/ml, p<0.001], 3.8-fold higher sFlt-1 and 4.3-fold lower PlGF levels compared with the control group. There were no associations between TSP-2 and sFlt-1 or PlGF concentrations. We suggest that circulating TSP-2 levels may contribute to the pathogenesis of PE via its anti-angiogenic properties, but in a distinct way from sFlt-1 and PlGF.
- SourceAvailable from: Lorenza Díaz[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its soluble receptor 1 (sFlt-1) in umbilical serum and to study the effects of IGF-I upon sFlt-1 synthesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in normotensive (NT) and preeclamptic (PE) pregnancies. As compared with the NT group, umbilical serum IGF-I and VEGF levels were lower in the PE group, while sFlt-1 concentrations were higher. Levels of sFlt-1 correlated with IGF-I in the NT group and with VEGF in the PE group. Basal concentration of sFlt-1 in HUVEC culture media was higher in the PE group. IGF-I stimulated sFlt-1 synthesis only in the NT group. In summary, umbilical serum sFlt-1 is associated with IGF-I in normotensive pregnancy and with VEGF in preeclampsia. IGF-I stimulates sFlt-1 synthesis in endothelial cells in normotensive but not in PE pregnancies.Growth factors (Chur, Switzerland) 06/2013; · 2.47 Impact Factor