A novel hydroxyapatite ceramic bone substitute transformed by ostrich cancellous bone: characterization and evaluations of bone regeneration activity.
ABSTRACT Various biomaterials have been used for bone repair and reconstruction of bone defects. Inorganic xenogenic bone substitutes have been intensively studied because they possesses favorable regenerative properties. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the properties of a novel inorganic xenogenic bone substitute, sintered ostrich cancellous bone (SOCB). Bone regeneration capability was also comparing to that of other bone substitutes in rabbit calvarial defects. Biochemical and biomechanical properties of the SOCB ceramic closely resembled those of human bone. Bone regeneration was evaluated by radiograph, histology, and histomorphometry. Bone regeneration was significantly enhanced in defects treated with SOCB when compared with other bone substitutes. The biochemical and biomechanical properties of SOCB are favorable for bone regeneration. SOCB might be a promising biomaterial for the repair of bone defects.
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ABSTRACT: Avian osteoblasts have been isolated particularly from chicken embryo, but data about other functional tissue sources of adult avian osteoblast precursors are missing. The method of preparation of pigeon osteoblasts is described in this study. We demonstrate that pigeon cancellous bone derived osteoblasts have particular proliferative capacity in vitro in comparison to mammalian species and developed endogenous ALP. Calcium deposits formation in vitro was confirmed by alizarin red staining. Only a few studies have attempted to investigate bone grafting and treatment of bone loss in birds. Lack of autologous bone grafts in birds has prompted investigation into the use of avian xenografts for bone augmentation. Here we present a method of xenografting of ostrich demineralised cancellous bone scaffold seeded with allogeneic adult pigeon osteoblasts. Ostrich demineralised cancellous bone scaffold supported proliferation of pigeon osteoblasts during two weeks of co - cultivation in vitro. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated homogeneous adult pigeon osteoblasts attachment and distribution on the surface of xenogeneic ostrich demineralised cancellous bone. Our preliminary in vitro results indicate that demineralised cancellous bone from ostrich tibia could provide an effective biological support for growth and proliferation of allogeneic osteoblasts derived from cancellous bone of pigeons.Veterinary Research Communications 06/2014; · 1.08 Impact Factor