Community-Based Participatory Research as Worldview or Instrumental Strategy: Is It Lost in Translation(al) Research?
1 University of Illinois at Chicago.American Journal of Public Health (Impact Factor: 4.55). 06/2011; 101(8):1353-5. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300124
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- "Rather than describe, RCTs attempt to control for variation across units. In group level interventions such as community intervention, this results in an attempt to control for the local distinctiveness central to the community intervention paradigm (Trickett et al., 2011). An intervention science for community intervention might instead model this distinctiveness and intervention adaptations to it as part of analysis. "
ABSTRACT: Prevention research addressing health disparities often involves work with small population groups experiencing such disparities. The goals of this special section are to (1) address the question of what constitutes a small sample; (2) identify some of the key research design and analytic issues that arise in prevention research with small samples; (3) develop applied, problem-oriented, and methodologically innovative solutions to these design and analytic issues; and (4) evaluate the potential role of these innovative solutions in describing phenomena, testing theory, and evaluating interventions in prevention research. Through these efforts, we hope to promote broader application of these methodological innovations. We also seek whenever possible, to explore their implications in more general problems that appear in research with small samples but concern all areas of prevention research. This special section includes two sections. The first section aims to provide input for researchers at the design phase, while the second focuses on analysis. Each article describes an innovative solution to one or more challenges posed by the analysis of small samples, with special emphasis on testing for intervention effects in prevention research. A concluding article summarizes some of their broader implications, along with conclusions regarding future directions in research with small samples in prevention science. Finally, a commentary provides the perspective of the federal agencies that sponsored the conference that gave rise to this special section.Prevention Science 08/2015; 16(7). DOI:10.1007/s11121-015-0584-5 · 2.63 Impact Factor
04/2014; 2(1). DOI:10.17645/pag.v2i1.19
- "4 Where there have been exceptions, and experiments have been used, there remain doubts about the legitimacy and ethical position of these methods. For example, innovative work on participatory forms of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) (Katz, Murimi, Gonzalez , Njike, & Green, 2011), have been critiqued as placing CBPR in a subservient and instrumental position to the RCT (Trickett, 2011). It could be a relatively simple matter to broaden out the range of research designs and methods used within participatory research to guarantee appropriate scholarship and reliable knowledge for policy use. "
Critical Sociology 01/2014; 41(7-8). DOI:10.1177/0896920513516025
- "Research equity has been also challenged by the variability of research goals. A recent editorial has raised important concerns regarding a potential schism or, at a minimum, a continuum of CBPR research goals, between CBPR as an 'instrumental strategy' or as a broader 'worldview', based in social justice and community capacity-building (Trickett, 2011). Reflecting on the growth of community engagement within Community Translational Science Awards (CTSA, see National Center for Research Resources, 2010), Trickett challenges researchers to clarify their own goals and purposes, recognizing that CTSA community engagement processes can range between minimal outreach to shared leadership (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011). "
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