Inverse association of plasma level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with intracerebral hemorrhage.
ABSTRACT This study aimed to investigate whether plasma levels of HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) were associated with the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Plasma HDL-C was determined via enzymatic methods, and ICH was ascertained via medical history, physical examination, and brain imaging (computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging). The multivariable logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of ICH according to levels of plasma cholesterol. A total of 170 patients with ICH were identified from 6,046 participants. After adjustment for conventional cardiovascular risk factors, the OR was 2.06 (95% CI, 1.25-3.12; P < 0.01) for participants in the first tertile of HDL-C levels (<1.38 mmol/l) and 1.13 (95% CI, 0.72-1.78; P = 0.59) for participants in the second tertile (1.38-1.64 mmol/l), compared with participants in the third tertile (∩≥1.65 mmol/l). Subgroup analysis indicated that the detrimental effects of HDL-C were more significant in men and lean participants than in their corresponding controls, independent of hypertension. The results presented herein indicate that low plasma HDL-C (<1.38 mmol/l) may be associated with risk of ICH.
Article: Baseline blood pressure, low- and high-density lipoproteins, and triglycerides and the risk of vascular events in the Stroke Prevention by Aggressive Reduction in Cholesterol Levels (SPARCL) trial.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To explore the relative contributions of baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and lipoproteins on the risk of recurrent stroke or first major cardiovascular event (MCVE) and their potential impact on the benefit of statin treatment. The SPARCL trial randomized 4731 patients with recent stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) and no known coronary heart disease and LDL-C between 100 and 190 mg/dL to either atorvastatin 80 mg/d or placebo. Baseline assessment included SBP, DBP and measurements of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglyceride levels. After 4.9 years of follow-up, there were 575 primary end points (fatal and nonfatal stroke), including 491 ischemic strokes, and 740 MCVEs (stroke plus myocardial infarction and vascular death). Cox regression models analysis showed a trend (P>0.05 and P<0.10) for higher SBP but not DBP to be associated with an outcome stroke with only SBP associated with MCVE. Only baseline low HDL-C was associated with an outcome stroke. Baseline HDL-C, triglycerides, and LDL/HDL ratio were each associated with MCVEs. There were no interactions between any of these baseline variables and the effect of treatment on outcome strokes. In patients with recent stroke or TIA and no coronary heart disease, only lower baseline HDL-C predicted the risk of recurrent stroke with HDL-C, triglycerides, and LDL/HDL ratio associated with MCVE. Atorvastatin treatment was similarly effective regardless of baseline lipoprotein levels.Atherosclerosis 09/2008; 204(2):515-20. · 3.79 Impact Factor