Alterations of lymphocyte subpopulations in healthy dogs with aging and in dogs with cancer.
ABSTRACT Changes in an individual's immune status are considered major contributing factors towards the morbidity of cancer and mortality of aging. To evaluate age-related changes in the immune status of dogs, the immunophenotypes (CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD21) of peripheral blood lymphocytes were measured in 160 healthy dogs aged from 1 to 17 years, and in 365 dogs with various tumors and at various stages. In healthy dogs, the absolute numbers of white blood cells, lymphocytes, and CD3(+), CD4(+) and CD21(+) lymphocytes decreased significantly with age. The relative percentages of lymphocytes and CD4(+) cells decreased significantly, while CD8(+) cells increased significantly with age. The CD4:CD8 ratio showed a significant age-related decrease. In contrast, dogs with tumors possessed significantly lower absolute numbers and relative percentages of all lymphocyte phenotypes, while the CD4:CD8 ratio was significantly higher than in age-matched controls. The relative percentages of CD3(+) and CD8(+) lymphocytes were significantly lower in dogs with distant metastases compared with dogs without metastases, and the CD4:CD8 ratio increased with advanced stage. These observations illustrate the significant changes in immune status with age and the presence of marked immunological defects in a large-scale study of dogs with advanced tumors.
Article: Evaluation of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in family-owned dogs naturally infected by Ehrlichia canis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Previous research suggested that clinical manifestations, histopathological lesions, and even infection maintenance in the course of canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME) are directly related to the immune response developed by the host. In the present study, blood lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by multiparametric flow cytometry in 37 dogs with naturally occurring CME and 47 healthy dogs used as controls. T, T helper (Th), T cytotoxic (Tc), B, non-T, non-B lymphocytes and those that express MHC class II were characterized in every dog. Animals with CME showed higher relative values of T and Tc cells and a higher absolute number of Tc cells in peripheral blood. The percentage of Th cells and the absolute and relative values of B cells were higher in healthy animals than in CME-affected dogs. The significance of these changes on the pathogenesis of natural Ehrlichia canis infection in dogs needs further evaluation.Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases 04/2012; 35(4):391-6. · 2.99 Impact Factor