A structure and process evaluation of an Australian hospital admission avoidance programme for aged care facility residents.
ABSTRACT To describe and evaluate the structures and processes involved in a hospital in the Nursing Home programme.
Older Australians are the largest consumers of healthcare, and as a result of the ageing process are at risk of developing hospital acquired iatrogenic complications. Hospital admission avoidance programmes that aim to provide care for patients in their own environment include Hospital in the Home and, more recently, Hospital in the Nursing Home.
In 2006, a qualitative evaluation of a nurse-led Hospital in the Nursing Home programme using semi-structured interviews with 19 stakeholders was undertaken. Data analysis involved using start codes and content analysis.
Effective referral and communication strategies were important for Hospital in the Nursing Home implementation. Furthermore, the Hospital in the Nursing Home programme manager had acute care and community experience and worked in an advanced practice role. These elements were integral to the programme's operation.
As the population ages, reducing hospital admissions for aged-care facility residents has the potential to improve patient outcomes. A structurally and procedurally sound programme is a key element in achieving this aim.
Article: On the scrap-heap.Nursing standard: official newspaper of the Royal College of Nursing 11/1996; 11(5):14.
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ABSTRACT: This study provides data on changes in the functional status of older patients that are associated with acute hospitalization. Seventy-one patients over the age of 74 admitted to the medical service of Stanford University Hospital between February and May 1987 received functional assessments covering seven domains: mobility, transfer, toileting, incontinence, feeding, grooming, and mental status. Assessments were obtained by report from the patient's caregiver (or the patient when he or she lived alone) for 2 weeks before admission; from the patient's nurse on day 2 of hospitalization and on the day before discharge; and again from the caregiver (or patient) 1 week after discharge. The sample had a mean age of 84, covered 37 Diagnostic Related Groups, and had a median length of stay of 8 days. Between baseline and day 2, statistically significant deteriorations occurred for the overall functional score and for the individual scores for mobility, transfer, toileting, feeding, and grooming. None of these scores improved significantly by discharge. In the case of mobility, 65% of the patients experienced a decline in score between baseline and day 2. Between day 2 and discharge, 67% showed no improvement, and another 10% deteriorated further. These data suggest that older patients may experience a burden of new and worsened functional impairment during hospitalization that improves at a much slower rate than the acute illness. An awareness of delayed functional recovery should influence discharge planning for older patients. Greater efforts to prevent functional decline in the hospitalized older patient may be warranted.Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 01/1991; 38(12):1296-303. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The findings from a Florence Nightingale Scholarship to the USA and Canada, investigating the educational preparation of advanced practice nurses, are reported. The author considers a number of issues facing curriculum designers who might wish to develop clinically based advanced practice nurse programmes in the UK. Utilizing the experimental nature of personal visits, along with the available literature, the strategy adopted by some American and Canadian universities is highlighted to exemplify curriculum issues likely to be encountered in the UK. A definition of advanced nursing practice is provided as a foundation for discussion on curricular construction. This is followed by a discussion on advanced role nomenclature and components and characteristics of the 'nurse practitioner', 'clinical nurse specialist', 'nurse consultant' and 'nurse clinician', in order to clarify terminology and disentangle different advanced practice roles. The issues examined include the academic level of advanced practice nurse programmes; the determination of curricular content based on both a 'generalist' and 'specialist' model of practice; factors considered when exploring advanced practice competencies; and the resource implications for delivering opposing curriculum models. The paper suggests that there is a unique opportunity for advanced practice nursing to establish a key collaborative relationship in the delivery of health care, based on a nursing model, graduate study and the integration of key nursing and related concepts into clinical practice.Journal of Advanced Nursing 05/1997; 25(4):820-8. · 1.53 Impact Factor