Current Status and New Developments in Breast MRI.
ABSTRACT Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most sensitive imaging modality for the detection of breast cancer. Its specificity is equivalent to that of mammography. Nowadays, breast MRI is an absolutely essential breast imaging method. Technical innovations allow dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI of both breasts with high image quality. Thereby, DCE breast MRI should always be performed with regard to current standards. New quantitative techniques such as diffusion-weighted MRI are promising. However, they still have potential pitfalls, in particular with regard to the diagnosis of non-mass lesions and small breast lesions. Ongoing technical innovations can possibly help to further optimize breast MRI.
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ABSTRACT: The role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) to differentiate breast lesions in vivo was evaluated. Sixty women (mean age, 53 years) with 81 breast lesions were enrolled. A coronal echo planar imaging (EPI) sequence sensitised to diffusion (b value=1,000 s/mm(2)) was added to standard MR. The mean diffusivity (MD) was calculated. Differences in MD among cysts, benign lesions and malignant lesions were evaluated, and the sensitivity and specificity of DWI to diagnose malignant and benign lesions were calculated. The diagnosis was 18 cysts, 21 benign and 42 malignant nodules. MD values (mean +/- SD x 10(-3) mm(2)/s) were (1.48 +/- 0.37) for benign lesions, (0.95 +/- 0.18) for malignant lesions and (2.25 +/- 0.26) for cysts. Different MD values characterized different malignant breast lesion types. A MD threshold value of 1.1 x 10(-3) mm(2)/s discriminated malignant breast lesions from benign lesions with a specificity of 81% and sensitivity of 80%. Choosing a cut-off of 1.31 x 10(-3) mm(2)/s (MD of malignant lesions -2 SD), the specificity would be 67% with a sensitivity of 100%. Thus, MD values, related to tumor cellularity, provide reliable information to differentiate malignant breast lesions from benign ones. Quantitative DWI is not time-consuming and can be easily inserted into standard clinical breast MR imaging protocols.European Radiology 11/2007; 17(10):2646-55. · 3.22 Impact Factor
Article: Sensitivity and specificity of unenhanced MR mammography (DWI combined with T2-weighted TSE imaging, ueMRM) for the differentiation of mass lesions.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study was performed to assess the sensitivity and specificity for malignant and benign mass lesions of a diagnostic approach combining DWI with T2-weighted images (unenhanced MR mammography, ueMRM) and compare the results with contrast-enhanced MR mammography (ceMRM). Consecutive patients undergoing histopathological verification of mass lesions after MR mammography without prior breast interventions (contrast-enhanced T1-weighted, T2-weighted and DWI sequences) were eligible for this retrospective investigation. Two blinded observers first rated ueMRM and then ceMRM according to the BIRADS scale. Lesion size, ADC values and T2-weighted TSE descriptors were assessed. This study examined 81 lesions (27 benign, 54 malignant). Sensitivity of ueMRM was 93% (observer 1) and 86% (observer 2), respectively. Sensitivity of ceMRM was 96.5% (observer 1) and 98.3% (observer 2). Specificity was 85.2% (ueMRM) and 92.6% (ceMRM) for both observers. The differences between both methods and observers were not significant (P > or = 0.09). Lesion size measurements did not differ significantly among all sequences analyzed. Tumor visibility was worse using ueMRM for both benign (P < 0.001) and malignant lesions (P = 0.004). Sensitivity and specificity of ueMRM in mass lesions equal that of ceMRM. However, a reduced lesion visibility in ueMRM may lead to more false-negative findings.European Radiology 11/2009; 20(5):1101-10. · 3.22 Impact Factor
Article: Breast carcinoma: effect of preoperative contrast-enhanced MR imaging on the therapeutic approach.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine if magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can help determine the therapeutic approach in women with breast cancer. Preoperative contrast-enhanced MR imaging of the breast was performed in 463 patients with probably benign lesions (n = 63), suspicious lesions (n = 230), or lesions highly suggestive of malignancy (n = 170) per established clinical, mammographic, and/or ultrasonographic (US) criteria. T1-weighted fast low-angle shot MR imaging was performed before and after administration of gadopenetetate dimeglumine. MR imaging findings were correlated with other imaging results and histopathologic findings. Special attention was paid to multifocality and multicentricity. Histopathologic analysis revealed 143 benign and 405 malignant lesions. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 58%, 76%, and 62% for clinical examination; 86%, 32%, and 72% for conventional mammography; 75%, 80%, and 76% for US; and 93%, 65%, and 85% for contrast-enhanced MR imaging. Multifocality in 30 of 42 patients, multicentricity in 24 of 50 patients, and additional contralateral carcinomas in 15 of 19 patients were depicted with MR imaging alone. Due to the MR imaging findings, therapy was changed correctly in 66 patients (14.3%); unnecessary open biopsy was performed in 16 patients (3.5%). Contrast-enhanced MR imaging of the breast is highly sensitive for invasive breast cancer. MR imaging may reveal unsuspected multifocal, multicentric, or contralateral breast carcinoma and result in therapy changes.Radiology 01/2000; 213(3):881-8. · 5.73 Impact Factor