[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic esophagitis and herpes simplex esophagitis are separately well-described entities, but their simultaneous occurrence may pose a special challenge to the clinician, especially regarding the optimal therapeutic approach. The following case report describes a patient with a history of cow's milk and dairy products intolerance, but without an underlying immunologic defect, in whom eosinophilic esophagitis was diagnosed in the course of primary herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) infection that clinically presented as herpes labialis and severe esophagitis. The diagnosis was confirmed by a polymerase chain reaction from cytological brush and by immunohistochemical staining that detected the presence of HSV1 DNA in esophageal mucosa, and histologically by persistent eosinophil-predominant inflammation, typical of eosinophilic esophagitis. Despite severe clinical presentation, the HSV1 infection was self-limited. After a directed elimination diet was introduced, the clinical course was favorable, without the need for antiviral therapy.
Pediatrics International 06/2013; 55(3):e38-41. DOI:10.1111/ped.12027 · 0.73 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic, Th2-type immune-mediated disorder. During the past decade, the increasing prevalence of EoE has been recognized in pediatric and adult populations all over the world. EoE diagnosis can be frequent challenging. Three criteria must be met to diagnose EoE: clinical symptoms of esophageal dysfunction, an esophageal biopsy with a peak eosinophil count of at least 15 eosinophils per high-power microscopy field and exclusion of other possible causes of esophageal eosinophilia. Although eosinophils mediate the EoE pathogenesis, proinflammatory cytokines are also critically involved. In the past years biologic therapeutics have revolutionized treatment of EoE.
Romanian journal of internal medicine = Revue roumaine de médecine interne 06/2013; 51(2):92-5.
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