P03-30 Growth hormone treatment for two years is safe and effective in adults with Prader-Willi syndrome

Centre for Rare Diseases, Department of Paediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.
Growth hormone & IGF research: official journal of the Growth Hormone Research Society and the International IGF Research Society (Impact Factor: 1.41). 06/2011; 21(4):185-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.ghir.2011.05.002
Source: PubMed


Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) shares similarities with the growth hormone (GH) deficiency syndrome in regards to reduced lean body mass and increased fat mass and several short-term trials with GH treatment have demonstrated beneficial effects on body composition. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects and safety of two years of GH therapy in adults with PWS.
Forty-three adults (24 women) with genetically verified PWS were included. Blood samples, body composition as measured by computed tomography (CT) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were performed at baseline and during two years of continued GH treatment.
Thirty-nine patients completed treatment for two years. The GH dosage averaged 0.61 mg/day (range 0.2-1.6). Based upon CT, body composition improved at two years; thigh muscle volume increased 6.7 mL (3.7 to 9.7; P<0.001) whereas abdominal subcutaneous fat volume decreased by 53.3 mL (13.8 to 92.9; P=0.01). By DXA, lean body mass improved 2.8 kg (1.9 to 3.6; P<0.001), whereas fat mass decreased by 3.0 kg (1.1 to 4.8; P=0.003). Lung function as evaluated by peak expiratory flow increased 12% (p<0.001) - indicating improved muscle function. Adverse effects were few. Fifteen out of 39 patients had diabetes (DM; n=4) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT; n=11) prior to GH treatment. Among the 11 patients with IGT, three reverted to normal glucose tolerance, while three progressed to overt DM at two years of GH treatment.
The known beneficial effects of GH treatment upon body composition in PWS are maintained during two years continuous treatment. With appropriate control, GH is a safe treatment option in adults with PWS.

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    ABSTRACT: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is characterized by short stature, muscular hypotonia, cognitive dysfunction, and hyperphagia usually leading to severe obesity. Patients with PWS share similarities with growth hormone deficiency (GHD). Few studies have dealt with growth hormone (GH) treatment in PWS adults. The purpose of the Scandinavian study was to evaluate the effects of GH on body composition, lipid and glucose metabolism, physical performance and safety parameters in adults with PWS. Twenty-five women and 21 men with PWS were randomized to treatment with GH or placebo during 1 year followed by 2 years of open labeled GH treatment. At baseline 1/3 had normal BMI, six patients severe GHD, ten impaired glucose tolerance and seven diabetes. At 1 year insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) SDS had increased by 1.51 (P < 0.001) and body composition improved in the GH treated group. Visceral fat decreased by 22.9 ml (P = 0.004), abdominal subcutaneous fat by 70.9 ml (P = 0.003) and thigh fat by 21.3 ml (P = 0.013), whereas thigh muscle increased 6.0 ml (P = 0.005). Lean body mass increased 2.25 kg (P = 0.005), and total fat mass decreased 4.20 kg (P < 0.001). The positive effects on body composition were maintained after 2 years of GH treatment. Peak expiratory flow increased by 12% (P < 0.001) at 2 years of GH treatment. Lipid and glucose metabolism were unchanged, however, three patients developed diabetes at 2 years of GH treatment. In conclusion GH treatment had beneficial effects on the abnormal body composition without serious adverse events making it a logic treatment option in adults with PWS.
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