Prolapsed fallopian tube: Cytological findings in a ThinPrep liquid based cytology vaginal vault sample
ABSTRACT Fallopian tube prolapse through the vaginal vault after hysterectomy is a rare complication. The clinical diagnosis is difficult and the patient may undergo unnecessary treatment. A cytological diagnosis of tubal prolapse is rare. There are very few descriptions of the cytological appearances of prolapsed fallopian tube and to our knowledge, they have not been described in liquid based cytology preparations. The presence of classic columnar cells with cilia and sheets of cells with small granular uniform nuclei in an orderly arrangement are the diagnostic appearances of cells originating from the fallopian tube. We describe a case in which the cells had undergone squamous metaplasia with nuclear enlargement and increased nuclear to cytoplasmic ratios corresponding to reactive atypia but with fine and evenly distributed chromatin and smooth nuclear contours, which indicated their benign nature. In addition, in this case intracytoplasmic polymorphs and associated extracellular infiltrates of inflammatory cells are noted. The description of this case may help others to consider a cytological diagnosis of prolapsed fallopian tube, thus preventing repeated cauterisations of vault granulation tissue on one hand, and possibly excessive surgical treatment of a mistaken malignant lesion on the other. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2011; © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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ABSTRACT: Fallopian tube prolapse is an unusual but often reported complication after hysterectomy. This problem has not yet been reported in a patient undergoing laparoscopy but not hysterectomy. Fallopian tube prolapse was diagnosed in a patient after laparoscopic excision of pelvic endometriosis, without hysterectomy. The prolapsed fallopian tube was preserved by laparoscopic retrieval from the vagina and closure of the vaginoperitoneal fistula. Laparoscopic surgery, when associated with the creation of a vaginoperitoneal fistula, is a risk factor for fallopian tube prolapse. This problem can be diagnosed and safely managed with a laparoscopic approach.Obstetrics and Gynecology 05/2005; 105(4):808-9. DOI:10.1097/01.AOG.0000141571.71513.87 · 4.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Prolapse of the fallopian tube into the vagina is an uncommon complication caused by either vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy. Recently, however, we encountered three cases with prolapse of the fallopian tube after abdominal hysterectomy. The patients presented with vaginal bleeding. A red hemorrhagic granular mass, misdiagnosed as vaginal granulation tissue both macroscopically and microscopically, was noted at the apex of vagina. Pathologically, one case was initially diagnosed as vaginal vault granulation tissue, but there were two recurrences after excision. Microscopically, the mass had a papillary or villous outer surface with a complex pattern of tubular and glandular structures, as well as acute and chronic inflammatory infiltrates in the fibrovascular stroma. A typical ciliated tubal type of epithelium was identified, and on immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratin, attenuated epithelial cells were detected. It is necessary to receive a pathologic confirmation by performing vaginal biopsy when fallopian tube prolapse is clinically suspected, thus preventing misdiagnosis.Pathology - Research and Practice 02/2005; 201(12):819-22. DOI:10.1016/j.prp.2005.09.001 · 1.56 Impact Factor
Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 01/2002; 48(3):241-2. · 0.97 Impact Factor