Conformal stereotactic radiosurgery therapy: plan evaluation methods and results
ABSTRACT The purpose of our study was the objective evaluation of micro-multileaf collimator (mMLC)-based stereotactic radiosurgery treatment plans. Forty-seven patients, 71 lesions received static beam conformal stereotactic radiosurgery treatment in our institute between November 2005 and June 2008. Target volume and organs at risk were outlined on a MRI-CT image fusion basis. BrainSCAN 5.31 system (BrainLAB AG, Heimstetten, Germany) was used for treatment planning, Elekta Presice TS linear accelerator (Elekta Oncology Systems Ltd, Crawley, UK) and BrainLAB m3 mMLC were used for treatment delivery. An invasive head frame, mounted to the treatment table, was used with four screws for patient head fixation. Treatment plans were analysed with objective parameters, such as conformal index (COIN), homogeneity index (HI), coverage index (CI) and healthy tissue relative overdose factor (HTOF) tools. x2 tests were performed between COIN, HI and the geometrical parameters of the target volume (lesion volume - LV, lesion-organ distance - LOD, lesion deformity index - LDI). Mean value of COIN, HI, HTOF and CI was 0.52 (SD 0.13), 1.16 (SD 0.1), 0.88 (SD 0.53), and 0.94 (SD 0.11), respectively. COIN significantly correlated with (p<0.001 in all three cases), while HI was independent of LV, LOD, LDI (p=0.94; 0.14 and 0.72). COIN is similar, HTOF is less than data from the literature. According to our results geometrical parameters of the target volume (size, location, deformation) significantly influence the COIN, but they have no effect on HI.