Double-guidewire-assisted cannulation in ERCP: novel applications.
ABSTRACT Even in experienced hands, a common problem at endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is difficulty in reaching a selective cannulation of the common bile duct or pancreatic duct. The success rate of biliary cannulation has improved markedly in many centers after the adoption of double-guidewire-assisted cannulation technique in cases in which the guidewire repeatedly passes into the pancreatic duct although the common bile duct is intended. Here, we describe 2 novel applications of the double-guidewire technique for difficult cannulation in ERCP. In particular, we emphasize that in addition to difficult biliary cannulation, double-guidewire technique may prove useful in difficult pancreatic cannulation. The double-guidewire technique is feasible also in cases in which the guidewire repeatedly passes into the cystic duct instead of the intended common hepatic duct and intrahepatic radicals. ERCP endoscopists should be aware of all modifications of double-guidewire technique to further increase the success rates of selective cannulations in ERCP.