Intracranial ganglion cysts are rare. We report a patient with a rare unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy caused by an intraneural ganglion cyst. To our knowledge, there are only four reports of ganglion/synovial cysts causing unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy. Our aim is to present the fifth report, and to compare our findings with the others.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atlantoaxial cysts are rare, and only 46 histologically confirmed cases have been reported.
A 75-year-old male presented 2 years ago with headache, neck pain, loss of balance, and episodic dysphagia, for which he had undergone posterior cervical drainage of a left-sided atlantoaxial cyst. Although his original symptoms resolved, they recurred 2 years later and were correlated with an enhanced MR that showed a recurrent left C1-C2 synovial cyst causing marked cervical cord compression. It was successfully resected through a navigation-guided, endoscope-assisted posterior approach. The patient's symptoms/signs resolved completely, and he has remained symptom-free for over 30 months postoperatively, with no evidence of recurrence on MR or craniocervical instability.
A patient who successfully underwent resection of a recurrent synovial cervical cyst using a navigation-guided, endoscope-assisted posterior approach has been reported here.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors describe the case of an intraneural ganglion cyst involving a cranial nerve (V3), which was found to have a joint connection in support of an articular origin within the cranial nerves. An inferior alveolar intraneural cyst was incidentally discovered on a plain radiograph prior to edentulation. It was resected from within the mandibular canal with no joint connection perceived at surgery. Histologically, the cyst was confirmed to be an intraneural ganglion cyst. Reinterpretation of the preoperative CT scan showed the cyst arising from the temporomandibular joint. This case is consistent with the articular (synovial) theory of intraneural ganglion cysts. An anatomical explanation and potential joint connection are provided for this case as well as several other cases of intraneural cysts in the literature, and thus unifying cranial nerve involvement with accepted concepts of intraneural ganglion cyst formation and propagation.
Journal of Neurosurgery 02/2015; 122(6):1-5. DOI:10.3171/2014.12.JNS14798 · 3.74 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of an intraneural ganglion cyst of the hypoglossal canal. The patient presented with unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a small lesion in the hypoglossal canal with no contrast enhancement and high signal on T2-weighted imaging. The lesion was assumed to be a cystic schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve. Stereotactic irradiation was considered, but in accordance with the patient's wishes, surgical exploration was performed. This revealed that, rather than a schwannoma, the patient had an intraneural ganglion cyst, retrospectively contraindicating irradiation as an option. This case illustrates a very rare location of an intraneural ganglion cyst in the hypoglossal nerve. To our knowledge there are no previous reports of an intraneural ganglion cyst confined to the hypoglossal canal.
Journal of Neurological Surgery 07/2015; 76(1):e180-2. DOI:10.1055/s-0035-1555016 · 0.49 Impact Factor
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