Quality of life measures in Islamic rectal carcinoma patients receiving counselling.
ABSTRACT This prospective study was conducted to compare changes in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and religious practices of patients who underwent surgery for rectal cancer.
We prospectively followed 93 Muslim patients after surgery for colorectal carcinoma: abdominoperineal excision (APE, n = 50), sphincter-saving resection (LAR, n = 22) or anterior resection including sigmoid colectomy (AR, n = 1). The HRQoL was measured pre- and postoperatively at 15-18 months with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and a modified version of the American Society of Colorectal Surgeons (ASCRS) Fecal Incontinence questionnaire. Life standards, including religious practice, were measured using the Ankara University Life Standard Questionnaire.
No difference was detected in any SF-36 Health Survey HRQoL domain among the groups, although there were differences within groups before and after surgery. The ASCRS Fecal Incontinence questionnaire scales of lifestyle, coping/behaviour and depression/self-perception were similar in the APE and AR groups and were significantly worse than in the AR group (P ≤ 0.004). The embarrassment scale was worse in the APE than in the LAR and AR groups (P < 0.001). Religious worship (praying alone, praying in mosques, fasting during Ramadan and purifying alms) was not significantly different among the groups.
HRQoL measured by the SF-36 questionnaire and religious practices were not significantly different after APE compared with AR. Ostomy support and pre- and postoperative health-related and religious counselling may have had beneficial effects.
- SourceAvailable from: ncbi.nlm.nih.govBritish medical journal 09/1971; 3(5771):413-8.
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ABSTRACT: The quality of life for patients with carcinoma of the lower two-thirds of the rectum (5-12 cm from the anal verge) treated by abdominoperineal resection (APER, n = 38) was compared with that of a similar group of patients treated by low sphincter saving resection (SSR, n = 40). Assessment was by questionnaire conducted a minimum of one year after operation. Thirty patients (75 per cent) after SSR were entirely continent and ten patients (25 per cent) had occasional episodes of incontinence. Each patient with a colostomy was incontinent and 25 (66 per cent) had leaks from their appliance (12 frequent; 13 occasional). Patients after APER avoided more items in the diet and took more medication to control their bowel habit than patients after SSR. Fifteen of the 18 patients (83 per cent) who were employed before SSR returned to work after operation; only 6 of 15 patients (40 per cent) returned to work after APER (P less than 0.05). Sexual function was impaired in 6 of 20 men (30 per cent) after SSR and in 12 of 18 men (67 per cent) after APER (P less than 0.06). Depression was significantly more prevalent after APER than after SSR. Patients with low rectal cancer who are treated by modern sphincter saving resection have a quality of life superior to those who are treated by APER.British Journal of Surgery 09/1983; 70(8):460-2. · 4.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The bowel and sexual function of colorectal cancer patients undergoing either sphincter-saving or sphincter-sacrificing surgical procedures may be impaired. A legitimate question is how these different surgical techniques affect the patients' quality of life. Seventeen studies were identified that compared at least one of four aspects of patient functioning (i.e., physical, psychologic, social, and sexual) between stoma patients and nonstoma patients. Although the literature does not yield entirely consistent findings, some long-term effects of surgery can be identified: 1) both patient groups are troubled by frequent or irregular bowel movements and diarrhea; 2) stoma patients report higher levels of psychologic distress than do nonstoma patients; 3) although both stoma patients and nonstoma patients report restrictions in their level of social functioning, such problems are more prevalent among patients with a colostomy; 4) sexual functioning of male and female stoma patients is consistently more impaired than that of male and female patients with intact sphincters. Results of the current review were compared with those of other, related areas. Although nonstoma patients generally fare better than do stoma patients, they also suffer from physical impairments induced by sphincter-saving procedures (e.g., impaired bowel and sexual function). These impairments may become more prevalent as ultralow anastomosis is more frequently applied, resulting in bowel and sexual dysfunction and related psychologic distress. Well-designed studies are needed that examine whether quality-of-life benefits are to be gained by use of ultralow anastomosis compared with colostomy.Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 05/1995; 38(4):361-9. · 3.34 Impact Factor