Quality of life measures in Islamic rectal carcinoma patients receiving counselling

Department of Surgery, University of Ankara, Ankara, Turkey.
Colorectal Disease (Impact Factor: 2.02). 07/2011; 13(7):e170-5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-1318.2011.02649.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This prospective study was conducted to compare changes in the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and religious practices of patients who underwent surgery for rectal cancer.
We prospectively followed 93 Muslim patients after surgery for colorectal carcinoma: abdominoperineal excision (APE, n = 50), sphincter-saving resection (LAR, n = 22) or anterior resection including sigmoid colectomy (AR, n = 1). The HRQoL was measured pre- and postoperatively at 15-18 months with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF-36) and a modified version of the American Society of Colorectal Surgeons (ASCRS) Fecal Incontinence questionnaire. Life standards, including religious practice, were measured using the Ankara University Life Standard Questionnaire.
No difference was detected in any SF-36 Health Survey HRQoL domain among the groups, although there were differences within groups before and after surgery. The ASCRS Fecal Incontinence questionnaire scales of lifestyle, coping/behaviour and depression/self-perception were similar in the APE and AR groups and were significantly worse than in the AR group (P ≤ 0.004). The embarrassment scale was worse in the APE than in the LAR and AR groups (P < 0.001). Religious worship (praying alone, praying in mosques, fasting during Ramadan and purifying alms) was not significantly different among the groups.
HRQoL measured by the SF-36 questionnaire and religious practices were not significantly different after APE compared with AR. Ostomy support and pre- and postoperative health-related and religious counselling may have had beneficial effects.

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