Gene localization in a Chinese family with autosomal dominant non-syndromic deafness.
ABSTRACT There could be another candidate gene in DFNA2, which could be responsible for the hearing loss phenotype.
We collected a four-generation family from the southern part of China with autosomal dominant sensorineural hearing impairment. In order to identify the responsible pathogenic mutations in this family, we set out to identify the locus and to sequentially analyze the candidate genes in the identified region.
After family ascertainment and clinical analysis, exclusive analysis was performed. Then a genome-wide scan was performed using an Illumina Linkage-12 DNA Analysis Kit (average spacing 0.58 cM). Fine-mapping markers were genotyped to identify the locus. Finally, we performed haplotype analyses and candidate gene DNA sequencing for the family.
The known genetic loci and genes were not associated with our family. The genome-wide scan and haplotype analyses traced the disease to chromosome 1p34.2-p34.3 with maximum multi-point LOD score of 3.2, which overlaps with DFNA2. We failed to identify any of the known or novel variants within KCNQ4, a voltage-gated potassium channel gene, and GJB3, a gene that encodes the gap junction protein connexin 31, which were the cloned deafness genes in DFNA2.
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ABSTRACT: The increasing number of DNA polymorphisms characterized in humans will soon allow the construction of fine genetic maps of human chromosomes. This advance calls for a reexamination of current methodologies for linkage analysis by the family method. We have investigated the relative efficiency of two-point and three-point linkage tests for the detection of linkage and the estimation of recombination in a variety of situations. This led us to develop the computer program LINKAGE to perform multilocus linkage analysis. The investigation also enables us to propose a method of location scores for the efficient detection of linkage between a disease locus, or a new genetic marker, and a linkage group previously established from a reference panel of families. The method is illustrated by an application to simulated pedigree data in a situation akin to Duchenne muscular dystrophy. These results show that considerable economy and efficiency can be brought to the mapping endeavor by resorting to appropriate strategies of detecting linkage and by constructing the human genetic map on a common reference panel of families.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 07/1984; 81(11):3443-6. · 9.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: At least half of the cases of profound deafness of early onset are caused by genetic factors, but few of the genetic defects have been identified. This is particularly true of the most common hereditary forms of deafness, which occur in the absence of any associated syndrome. We studied a large Indonesian family in which hearing loss was inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern. The hearing loss first affects the high frequencies during the teens or 20s and becomes profound within 10 years. To locate the responsible gene, we performed genetic-linkage analysis, using microsatellite markers distributed over the entire genome. We then performed linkage analyses in an American family and a Dutch family with similar patterns of hereditary hearing loss. In the extended Indonesian family, a gene linked to deafness mapped to chromosome 1p, with a multipoint lod score of more than 7. In the American family, deafness was linked to the same locus on chromosome 1p, with a multipoint lod score of more than 5. In the Dutch family, however, this locus was ruled out. The flanking markers D1S255 and D1S211 defined a region of 6 cM on chromosome 1p that is likely to contain the gene associated with deafness in the first two families. In some families with early-onset autosomal dominant hearing loss, the responsible gene is on chromosome 1p.New England Journal of Medicine 09/1994; 331(7):425-31. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We examined features of the audiograms of 136 individuals, from 28 families, affected by nonsyndromic genetic hearing loss. There were 83 (12 families) with autosomal dominant (AD) loss, 50 (15 families) with autosomal recessive (AR) loss, and 3 (1 family) with X-linked recessive loss. The main audiogram shapes found were sloping (50.3%), residual (26.5%), and flat (21.0%). Specific shapes (ascending and U-shaped) only occurred in 3.7% of AD cases. Audiogram shapes were found to be significantly different between AD and AR families, and showed intrafamilial and interfamilial variability. In the AR group, the main shapes were residual and sharply sloping, and in the AD group, sharply sloping, flat, and gently sloping. There was a significant difference in the degree of hearing loss between AD and AR types, with AD being milder than AR. It has been shown that there is more marked intrafamilial variation in the degree of hearing loss in AD families than in AR ones. The results suggest that the audiograms of nonsyndromic hearing loss are usually nonspecific and that counseling of family members would be better based on the specific family's condition rather than on group information.The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 07/1994; 103(6):428-33. · 1.21 Impact Factor