[Pediatric head injuries, retrospective analysis of 851 patients: an epidemiological study].
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to contribute to the epidemiological database of our country about pediatric head injuries.
We retrospectively analyzed 851 patients younger than 14 years old with head injury, treated in the Neurosurgery Department of Samsun Mehmet Aydın Education and Research Hospital between January 2003 and June 2008.
Five hundred and fifty (65%) patients were male and 301 (35%) were female. Falls (70%) were the most common cause of head injury. According to Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), 74% of patients had mild (13-15), 22% moderate (9-12) and 4% severe (3-8) head injury. Eighty-seven (10.5%) patients were operated. The commonest operations were performed for depressed fractures and epidural hematomas. The mortality rate was 3.8% (33). Common causes of mortality were traffic accidents and falls from heights.
Other reported studies and this study show that the majority of pediatric head injuries occur as a result of preventable causes. It is important to have local epidemiological studies and data about head injuries in order to prevent these traumas before their occurrence.