Dynamic 4D MR angiography versus multislice CT angiography in the evaluation of vascular hepatic involvement in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia.
ABSTRACT Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), or Rendu-Osler-Weber disease, is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterised by mucocutaneous or visceral vascular abnormalities that may be widely distributed throughout the cardiovascular system. The purpose of this study was to compare multislice computed tomography angiography (MSCTA) and 4D dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (D-MRA) for evaluating vascular hepatic involvement in patients with HHT.
Fifty-two consecutive HHT patients underwent MSCTA and D-MRA examinations for systematic analysis of vascular visceral involvement. The images from the two techniques were reviewed independently by two expert radiologists to identify the following vascular abnormalities: telangiectases or large vascular masses; perfusion disorders [transient hepatic attenuation differences (THADs)]; hepatic arteriovenous malformations (HAVMs). Data, as well as diameters of the common hepatic artery and portal vein, were compared with Cohen's kappa statistic, Student's t test and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, as appropriate.
Both MSCTA and D-MRA detected one or more of the following hepatic vascular abnormalities in 36/52 cases (telangiectases in 29/52, THADs in 23/52 and HAVMs in 25/52[CE1]). A good concordance was found between the two techniques when determining the type of hepatic shunt (κ=0.9). No statistically significant differences were found when comparing mean common hepatic artery and portal vein diameters (p=0.09 and 0.22, respectively) and their accuracy in predicting HAVMs.
D-MRA has the same diagnostic accuracy as MSCTA and has the advantage of being less invasive due to the absence of ionising radiation.