Serum apolipoprotein B-48 levels are correlated with carotid intima-media thickness in subjects with normal serum triglyceride levels

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.
Atherosclerosis (Impact Factor: 3.99). 05/2011; 218(1):226-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.05.009
Source: PubMed


Postprandial hyperlipidemia (PPHL) is an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) which is based on the accumulation of chylomicrons (CM) and CM remnants containing apolipoprotein B-48 (apoB-48). Since atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are frequently observed even in subjects with normal serum triglyceride (TG) level, the correlation between fasting apoB-48 containing lipoproteins and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) was analyzed in subjects with normal TG levels.
From subjects who took their annual health check at the Osaka Police Hospital (n=245, male), one-hundred and sixty-four male subjects were selected to take part in this study; the excluding factors were: systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg, intake of antihypertensive or antihyperlipidemic drugs, or age >65 years. The association between biochemical markers and IMT was analyzed and independent predictors of max-IMT were determined by multiple regression analysis in all subjects and in groups N-1 (TG<100mg/dl, n=58), N-2 (100 ≤ TG<150 mg/dl, n=53) and H (150 ≤ TG mg/dl, n=53), respectively.
Fasting total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, apoB-100 and lnRemL-C (remnant lipoprotein-cholesterol) levels were not correlated with max-IMT, but lnTG and lnapoB-48 were significantly correlated with max-IMT in all subjects. LnapoB-48 and apoB-48/TG ratio were significantly correlated with max-IMT in group N-2. By multiple regression analysis, age and lnapoB-48 were independent variables associated with max-IMT in group N-2.
Serum apoB-48 level might be a good marker for the detection of early atherosclerosis in middle-aged subjects with normal-range levels of blood pressure and TG.

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