Free radical reaction products and antioxidant capacity in beating heart coronary artery surgery compared to conventional bypass.
ABSTRACT Oxygen-derived free radicals are important agents of tissue injury during ischemia and reperfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in protein and lipid oxidation and antioxidant status in beating heart coronary artery surgery and conventional bypass and to compare oxidative stress parameters between the two bypass methods. Serum lipid hydroperoxide, nitric oxide, protein carbonyl, nitrotyrosine, vitamin E, and β-carotene levels and total antioxidant capacity were measured in blood of 30 patients undergoing beating heart coronary artery surgery (OPCAB, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting) and 12 patients undergoing conventional bypass (CABG, on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting). In the OPCAB group, nitric oxide and nitrotyrosine levels decreased after reperfusion. Similarly, β-carotene level and total antioxidant capacity also decreased after anesthesia and reperfusion. In the CABG group, nitric oxide and nitrotyrosine levels decreased after ischemia and reperfusion. However, protein carbonyl levels elevated after ischemia and reperfusion. Vitamin E, β-carotene, and total antioxidant capacity decreased after ischemia and reperfusion. Significantly decreased nitration and impaired antioxidant status were seen after reperfusion in both groups. Moreover, elevated protein carbonyls were found in the CABG group. The off-pump procedure is associated with lower degree of oxidative stress than on-pump coronary surgery.
- SourceAvailable from: gbv.de07/2009; 58(4):725-725.
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ABSTRACT: Disturbance of the balance between the production of reactive oxygen species such as superoxide; hydrogen peroxide; hypochlorous acid; hydroxyl, alkoxyl, and peroxyl radicals; and antioxidant defenses against them produces oxidative stress, which amplifies tissue damage by releasing prooxidative forms of reactive iron that are able to drive Fenton chemistry and lipid peroxidation and by eroding away protective sacrificial antioxidants. The body has a hierarchy of defense strategies to deal with oxidative stress within different cellular compartments, and superimposed on these are gene-regulated defenses involving the heat-shock and oxidant stress proteins.Clinical Chemistry 01/1996; 41(12 Pt 2):1819-28. · 7.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We describe the application of the FOX2 (ferrous oxidation in xylenol orange, version 2) method to the measurement of hydroperoxides in plasma. Authentic plasma hydroperoxides can be determined by a strategy in which the hydroperoxide reductant, triphenylphosphine, is used to discriminate between the background signal generated by ferric ions present in plasma and that generated by hydroperoxide in plasma. The approach was validated by extraction of total lipids from plasma using ethyl acetate prior to assay with the FOX2 reagent. Plasma from 23 normal individuals contained hydroperoxide in the range of 0.22 to 7.8 microM with a mean of 3.02 microM and a population standard deviation of 1.85 microM. After partitioning with ethyl acetate, plasma hydroperoxide levels ranged from 0.22 to 6.22 microM, with a mean value of 2.52 microM and a population standard deviation of 1.65 microM.Analytical Biochemistry 09/1994; 220(2):403-9. · 2.58 Impact Factor