Free radical reaction products and antioxidant capacity in beating heart coronary artery surgery compared to conventional bypass
ABSTRACT Oxygen-derived free radicals are important agents of tissue injury during ischemia and reperfusion. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in protein and lipid oxidation and antioxidant status in beating heart coronary artery surgery and conventional bypass and to compare oxidative stress parameters between the two bypass methods. Serum lipid hydroperoxide, nitric oxide, protein carbonyl, nitrotyrosine, vitamin E, and β-carotene levels and total antioxidant capacity were measured in blood of 30 patients undergoing beating heart coronary artery surgery (OPCAB, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting) and 12 patients undergoing conventional bypass (CABG, on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting). In the OPCAB group, nitric oxide and nitrotyrosine levels decreased after reperfusion. Similarly, β-carotene level and total antioxidant capacity also decreased after anesthesia and reperfusion. In the CABG group, nitric oxide and nitrotyrosine levels decreased after ischemia and reperfusion. However, protein carbonyl levels elevated after ischemia and reperfusion. Vitamin E, β-carotene, and total antioxidant capacity decreased after ischemia and reperfusion. Significantly decreased nitration and impaired antioxidant status were seen after reperfusion in both groups. Moreover, elevated protein carbonyls were found in the CABG group. The off-pump procedure is associated with lower degree of oxidative stress than on-pump coronary surgery.
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ABSTRACT: Reperfusion injury is one of the most common phenomena associated with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) .The mechanism of ischemia and reperfusion injury is not known precisely, but may be free radicals and other activated oxygen metabolites have an important role in tissue damage following reperfusion injury. This study was to evaluation of citrate solution effects on oxidative stress and cardiac function and Cardiac enzymes in patient's candidate to CABG. In Double blind clinical trial study in Tabriz University of medical science, 50 patients candidate to CABG randomly divided in two groups and matched together according to sex, age and NYHA class. In intervention group after surgery and before the opening of the aortic clamping solution warm blood containing citrate phosphate dextrose (CPD; 3cc/100cc), value (100cc/min/m2BSA) for three minutes was administered. In control group, only pure blood administered. Oxidative stress markers measured in five stages and cardiac enzymes measured in three stages of surgery. Mean age 62.3±9.1 years including 30(60%) men and 20(40%) women. Ejection fractions between two groups were not significant before and after treatment. Administration of CPD was not significant effects on cardiac enzyme. Measurement of oxidative stress in different time were not different in malonil dialdehyde, superoxide dismutase and GPx but total antioxidant status were improved after intervention in compared with control group (p<0.001). Results showed that CPD were positive effects of increasing in total antioxidant status after CABG, but in reduction of other oxidative markers were unlabeled.01/2011; 3(4):123-7. DOI:10.5681/jcvtr.2011.027
Article: Nitric oxide and the CABG patient[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The post surgery success of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is counteracted by thrombosis and de-endothelialization, intimal hyperplasia and, over the long term, atherosclerosis. There are many reasons to assume that in CABG patients vascular bioavailability of NO generated by the endothelium plays an important role for graft function. This holds true for factors such as graft type, harvesting and storage, the type of surgery, non-pharmacologic prevention of risk factors, for example, regular physical activity (if feasible), and drug therapy. Although the precise role of graft endothelial NO bioavailability for graft patency and clinical endpoints is still uncertain, current data rather speak in favor of NO indicating that the potential of vasoprotective activities of NO in the CABG patient deserves further investigation.Current Opinion in Pharmacology 01/2012; 12(2):195-202. DOI:10.1016/j.coph.2012.01.004 · 4.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: An important reason for production of ischemia and reperfusion injury and oxidative stress is the sudden and rapid changes in body temperature during the institution of cardiopulmonary bypass. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of warm priming solution on oxidative stress and atrial fibrillation. Methods: This is a preliminary prospective study on a group of 40 patients who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting operation using cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were randomized into two groups, each consisting of 20 patients; one group was primed with a solution at 20 °C and the other at 36 °C initially for cardiopulmonary bypass. Blood samples from both of the groups were drawn preoperatively and at the 15th and 60th min of aortic cross clamping and 24th h following the surgery. Serum malondialdehyde levels, protein carbonyl content and total antioxidant status were detected. Patients were followed for postoperative atrial fibrillation. Results: Malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl content were found to be significantly higher and total antioxidant status was concordantly lower in the cold priming group at the 15th and 60th min, recovering to the normal range postoperatively at the 24th h. Patients in the cold priming group had developed a significantly higher rate of atrial fibrillation when compared with the patients in the warm priming group during the postoperative period. Conclusion: In conclusion, although this study has its limitation about the sample size it may provide an insight about the probable preventive effects of 36 °C warm priming solution in oxidative stress and postoperative atrial fibrillation.Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 08/2012; 124(17-18):618-623. DOI:10.1007/s00508-012-0222-1 · 0.84 Impact Factor