Tin/polypyrrole composite anode using sodium carboxymethyl cellulose binder for lithium-ion batteries.
ABSTRACT A tin nanoparticle/polypyrrole (nano-Sn/PPy) composite was prepared by chemically reducing and coating Sn nanoparticles onto the PPy surface. The composite shows a much higher surface area than the pure nano-Sn reference sample, due to the porous higher surface area of PPy and the much smaller size of Sn in the nano-Sn/PPy composite than in the pure tin nanoparticle sample. Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) were also used as binders, and the electrochemical performance was investigated. The electrochemical results show that both the capacity retention and the rate capability are in the same order of nano-Sn/PPy-CMC > nano-Sn/PPy-PVDF > nano-Sn-CMC > nano-Sn-PVDF. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) results show that CMC can prevent the formation of cracks in electrodes caused by the big volume changes during the charge-discharge process, and the PPy in the composite can provide a conducting matrix and alleviate the agglomeration of Sn nanoparticles. The present results indicate that the nano-Sn/PPy composite could be suitable for the next generation of anode materials with relatively good capacity retention and rate capability.
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ABSTRACT: Nano-Germanium/polypyrrole composite has been synthesized by chemical reduction method in aqueous solution. The Ge nanoparticles were directly coated on the surface of the polypyrrole. The morphology and structural properties of samples were determined by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Thermogravimetric analysis was carried out to determine the polypyrrole content. The electrochemical properties of the samples have been investigated and their suitability as anode materials for the lithium-ion battery was examined. The discharge capacity of the Ge nanoparticles calculated in the Ge-polypyrrole composite is 1014 mAh g(-1) after 50 cycles at 0.2 C rate, which is much higher than that of pristine germanium (439 mAh g(-1)). The composite also demonstrates high specific discharge capacities at different current rates (1318, 1032, 661, and 460 mAh g(-1) at 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 C, respectively). The superior electrochemical performance of Ge-polypyrrole composite could be attributed to the polypyrrole core, which provides an efficient transport pathway for electrons. SEM images of the electrodes have demonstrated that polypyrrole can also act as a conductive binder and alleviate the pulverization of electrode caused by the huge volume changes of the nanosized germanium particles during Li(+) intercalation/de-intercalation.Scientific reports. 01/2014; 4:6095.
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ABSTRACT: Conductive polymer coatings can boost the power storage capacity of lithium-sulfur batteries. We report here on the design and preparation-by combining a facile and green chemical deposition method with an oxidative polymerization approach-of polyaniline (PANI)-modified cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-graphene oxide (GO)-sulfur (S) nanocomposites with significantly enhanced performance in lithium-sulfur batteries. Such conductive polymer modified CTAB-GO-S nanocomposites as sulfur cathode materials can deliver high specific discharge capacities and long-term cycling performance, i.e., ∼970 mAh·g−1 at 0.2 C and ∼715 mAh·g−1 after 300 cycles, ∼820 mAh·g−1 at 0.5 C and ∼670 mAh·g−1 after 500 cycles, ∼770 mAh·g−1 at 1 C and ∼570 mAh·g−1 after 500 cycles. The capacity decay was as low as 0.036% per cycle at 0.5 C, and 0.051% per cycle at 1 C. Under the same condition, batteries using PANI-modified CTAB-GO-S as cathodes exhibited higher specific capacity and higher average coulombic efficiency compared with CTAB-decorated GO-S and GO-S nanocomposites. The improved performance can be attributed to the lower charge transfer resistance and the alleviated dissolution of polysulfides in the PANImodified CTAB-GO-S cathodes.Nano Research 07/2014; 7(9):1355-1363. · 7.39 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Li-ion batteries (LIBs) are the most employed power source in portable electronics (e.g., cellular phones, laptop computers…) and are accounted as very promising storage/power systems for future electric/hybrid-electric powered transportation. However for their future development, low production costs and environmental friendliness will be key parameters. In this context, the introduction of water processable biosourced polymers such as cellulose and its derivatives is very interesting and is emerging as a viable route toward the development of green materials and processes for LIB manufacturing. The present review briefly introduces the Li-ion technology and gives an overview on cellulose and cellulose derivatives for the elaboration of separators, electrolytes and electrodes.Cellulose 01/2013; 20:1523-1545. · 3.48 Impact Factor