Article

Effects of Varicocelectomy on Sperm DNA Fragmentation, Mitochondrial Function, Chromatin Condensation, and Apoptosis

Section of Endocrinology, Andrology, and Internal Medicine and Master in Andrological, Human Reproduction, and Biotechnology Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine and Systemic Diseases, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
Journal of Andrology (Impact Factor: 1.69). 06/2011; 33(3):389-96. DOI: 10.2164/jandrol.111.013433
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate conventional semen parameters (density, morphology, and progressive motility) and the flow-cytometric parameters of DNA fragmentation, mitochondrial membrane potential, phosphatidylserine externalization, and chromatin compactness in patients with varicocele before and after varicocelectomy. Thirty men (26.5 ± 3.2 years old, range 20-32 years) with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia and grade 3 left varicocele were selected (without other causes of male infertility). Each of them underwent sperm analysis and flow cytometric evaluation before and 4 months after subinguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy (SMV). After varicocelectomy, men had significantly higher sperm density, progressive motility, and normal forms compared with baseline. They also had a significantly lower percentage of spermatozoa with low mitochondrial membrane potential. After SMV, they showed a significantly lower percentage of spermatozoa with phosphatidylserine externalization, an early sign of apoptosis. Significantly decreased percentages of spermatozoa with abnormal chromatin compactness and spermatozoa with DNA fragmentation were found after SMV compared with baseline. Subinguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy improves sperm function in oligoasthenoteratozoospermia secondary to grade 3 left varicocele. Improvements are seen in conventional parameters and biofunctional parameters not routinely evaluated.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
115 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sperm DNA integrity is considered an important parameter to assess seminal fluid quality and can be used as a predictive test of potential fertility. Amongst the various tests to determine sperm DNA integrity, one is the Acridine Orange test. Recent studies have demonstrated the importance of p53 in maintaining sperm DNA integrity. The aim of this study was to assess if a p53 ELISA assay could be a new indicator of DNA damage in human spermatozoa.
    Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences 07/2014; 7(3):212-7. DOI:10.4103/0974-1208.142490
  • Reproductive Medicine and Biology 10/2014; 13(4):185-192. DOI:10.1007/s12522-014-0181-5
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a critical role in the proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of cancer cells. An obstacle for the application of HDAC inhibitors as effective anti-cancer therapeutics is that our current knowledge on the contributions of different HDACs in various cancer types remains scarce. The present study reported that the mRNA and protein levels of HDAC5 were up-regulated in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and cells as shown by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot. MTT assay and BrdU incorporation assay showed that the down-regulation of HDAC5 inhibited cell proliferation in HepG2, Hep3B, and Huh7 cell lines. Data from in vivo xenograft tumorigenesis model also demonstrated the anti-proliferative effect of HDAC5 depletion on tumor cell growth. Furthermore, the suppression of HDAC5 promoted cell apoptosis and induced G1-phase cell cycle arrest in HCC cells. On the molecular level, we observed altered expression of apoptosis-related proteins such as p53, bax, bcl-2, cyto C, and caspase 3 in HDAC5-shRNA-transfected cells. Knockdown of HDAC5 led to a significant up-regulation of p21 and down-regulation of cyclin D1 and CDK2/4/6. We also found that the down-regulation of HDAC5 substantially increased p53 stability and promoted its nuclear localization and transcriptional activity. Our study suggested that knockdown of HDAC5 could inhibit cancer cell proliferation by the induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis; thus, suppression of HDAC5 may be a viable option for treating HCC patients.
    Tumor Biology 08/2014; DOI:10.1007/s13277-014-2358-2 · 2.84 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
8 Downloads
Available from
Sep 16, 2014