Amrubicin monotherapy for patients with previously treated advanced large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung.
ABSTRACT No standard chemotherapy has been established yet for large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the lung. Amrubicin is active for both small cell and non-small cell lung cancers, but its activity for large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma is still unknown.
From January 2002 to December 2009, 18 patients with previously treated advanced large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma received amrubicin monotherapy. The efficacy and toxicity of the treatment were analyzed retrospectively.
The patients comprised 17 males and one female with a median age of 62 years (range, 51-77). Fourteen and four patients had a performance status of 0-1 and 2, respectively. Thirteen (72%) patients had received one prior chemotherapy, while the others had received two or more chemotherapies. All the patients had received platinum-based chemotherapy before the amrubicin treatment. A total of 63 cycles of amrubicin chemotherapy was administered in the 18 patients, with a median number of cycles per patient of 2.5 (range, 1-10). The median dose of amrubicin in the 63 cycles was 40 (range, 30-45) mg/m(2)/day for 3 days. Grades 3-4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia were seen in 89, 17 and 22% of the patients, respectively. Grade 3 febrile neutropenia occurred in 33% of the patients. Non-hematological toxicity was generally mild and manageable. There were five cases of partial response, six of stable disease and six of progressive disease among the 18 patients, yielding an objective response rate of 27.7%. The median progression-free and overall survivals of the patients were 3.1 and 5.1 months, respectively.
Amrubicin was potentially active against previously treated large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma.