Characterization of IgA and IgM binding and internalization by surface-expressed human Fcα/μ receptor. Mol Immunol
Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics and The Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Box 957364, 615 Charles Young Drive East, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.Molecular Immunology (Impact Factor: 2.97). 05/2011; 48(15-16):1818-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2011.05.011
The Fcα/μ receptor (Fcα/μR) is an unusual Fc receptor in that it binds to two different antibody isotypes, IgA and IgM. This receptor is of interest because it is thought to be involved in the capture of IgA- and IgM-immune complexes and antigen presentation. To further characterize this receptor, we were able to stably express human Fcα/μR on the surface of the 293T cell line. Using this system, we determined the affinity of the interactions of the receptor with IgA and IgM, which led to novel insights including the important finding that IgM polymers can bind to human Fcα/μR in the absence of J chain. This is in contrast to the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR), which requires the presence of J chain to bind to polymeric IgA and IgM. The dissociation constants (K(d)) of all of the different human IgA isotypes and allotypes for human Fcα/μR were determined, and we show that the N-linked glycans on IgA1 are not required for binding to the receptor. In addition, we demonstrate that IgA can be rapidly internalized by human Fcα/μR in the presence of cross-linking antibody.
- Free Radical Biology and Medicine 01/2010; 49. DOI:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2010.10.595 · 5.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) has a critical role in immune defense particularly at the mucosal surfaces, and is equipped to do so by the unique structural attributes of its heavy chain and by its ability to polymerize. Here, we provide an overview of human IgA structure, describing the distinguishing features of the IgA1 and IgA2 subclasses and mapping the sites of interaction with host receptors important for IgA's functional repertoire. Remarkably, these same interaction sites are targeted by binding proteins and proteases produced by various pathogens as a means to subvert the protective IgA response. As interest in the prospect of therapeutic IgA-based monoclonal antibodies grows, the emerging understanding of the relationship between IgA structure and function will be invaluable for maximizing the potential of these novel reagents.Mucosal Immunology 09/2011; 4(6):590-7. DOI:10.1038/mi.2011.39 · 7.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) plays a pivotal role in mucosal immune protection by transporting secretory immunoglobulins to mucosal epithelia, and protecting them from proteolytic degradation. It has been reported that a homolog of the pIgR has a similar role in teleost fish. Considering the role pIgR has in mucosal defenses, this study was initiated to characterize a possible pIgR homolog in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and its relatedness to pIgR of other vertebrates and similar molecules. Two pIgR-like cDNAs and genes of Atlantic salmon (Salsal pIgR and Salsal pIgRL) were cloned and analyzed. In addition, we gathered sequence information of CMRF35-like molecules (CLM) 1, 7, and 8 (designated as CD300 in humans) and made a comparative evaluation to that of the Salsal pIgR and Salsal pIgRL polypeptides. Salsal pIgR and Salsal pIgRL, like pIgR in other teleosts, are composed of two IG V domains, a connecting, a transmembrane, and a cytoplasmic region. The same holds true for Atlantic salmon CLM1 and CLM7, except that they possess putative immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM) in their cytoplasmic tails. The abundance of Salsal pIgR transcript is significantly higher than Salsal pIgRL and CLM in the skin, while Salsal pIgRL transcripts were abundant in the gills, depicting their possible tissue-specific role in mucosal immunity. To further highlight the roles of these molecules in cutaneous mucosal defence, we compared their transcriptional changes in salmon skin and spleen infected with the ectoparasite Lepeophtheirus salmonis which targets skin and mucus of salmonid fish (sampled 3, 14 and 28 days post infection (dpi)). Salsal pIgR and Salsal pIgRL transcripts significantly increased after 14dpi in skin and spleen. CLM1 was up-regulated in skin and down-regulated in spleen, possibly indicating that CLM1 expressing cells had migrated to the target site. Homology modeling using human pIgR domain 1 (PDB 1xed) identified structurally equivalent residues on both Salsal pIgR and Salsal pIgRL, and the same domain disulphide bridge topology. Cysteines 42 and 50 (IMGT numbering) are 7 residues apart in all V domains of Salsal pIgR, Salsal pIgRL, and mammalian [D1].Molecular Immunology 12/2011; 49(3):462-73. DOI:10.1016/j.molimm.2011.09.013 · 2.97 Impact Factor